X-ray diffraction of iron containing samples: The importance of a suitable configuration

Yvonne M. Mos*, Arnold C. Vermeulen, Cees J.N. Buisman, Jan Weijma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


X-ray diffraction (XRD) is a commonly used technology to identify crystalline phases. However, care must be taken with the combination of XRD configuration and sample. Copper (most commonly used radiation source) is a poor match with iron containing materials due to induced fluorescence. Magnetite and maghemite are analysed in different configurations using copper or cobalt radiation. Results show the effects of fluorescence repressing measures and the superiority of diffractograms obtained with cobalt radiation. Diffractograms obtained with copper radiation make incontestable phase identification often impossible. Cobalt radiation on the other hand yields high quality diffractograms, making phase identification straightforward.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication22nd International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
ISBN (Print)9783035711806
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event22nd International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, 2017 - Freiberg, Germany
Duration: 24 Sept 201727 Sept 2017

Publication series

NameSolid State Phenomena
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9779


Conference22nd International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, 2017


  • Fluorescence
  • Iron
  • Radiation type
  • X-ray diffraction


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