Worse comes to worst: bananas and Panama disease—when plant and pathogen clones meet

N.I. Ordonez Roman, M.F. Seidl, C. Waalwijk, A. Drenth, A. Kilian, B.P.H.J. Thomma, R.C. Ploetz, G.H.J. Kema

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60 Citations (Scopus)


This article deals with: Bananas: their origin and global rollout; genetic diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense, the causal agent of Panama Disease; Panama Disease: history repeats itself; tropical race 4, a single pathogen clone, threatens global banana production; strategies for sustainable Panama Disease management.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1005197
Number of pages7
JournalPLoS Pathogens
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2015



  • bananas
  • tropical small fruits
  • agricultural research
  • fungal diseases
  • fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense
  • soil fungi
  • pathogenicity
  • food production
  • genetic diversity
  • plant protection

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