The need to feed an increasing world population and to
respond to the effects of climate change creates
unprecedented challenges for bio-based production systems.
Many of these systems have been designed to maximize
productivity and efficiency under standard conditions,
increasing their vulnerability to changes in their surrounding
natural, technological and social systems. Reviewing the
recent literature and reflecting on current research, we find that
dominant attempts to increase production focus on maximizing
control, while insufficient attention has been paid to system
resilience, adaptability and transformability. These three core
aspects of resilience thinking aim to reduce system
vulnerability. We therefore argue for stronger adoption of
resilience thinking into research on bio-based production
systems. We show how applying resilience thinking helps to
address both the production and the vulnerability challenges
through interdisciplinary collaboration and cross-fertilization.
Original languageEnglish
Article number23
Pages (from-to)17-27
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016


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