Why elephant roam

S.M. Ngene

Research output: Thesispromoter, other


The expansion of human activities due to the increase in human population outside protected areas is reducing the range of elephant. This range reduction occurs when elephant habitats are cleared for more farms and settlements. This causes fragmentation of the elephant range, which changes the elephant’ distribution, movement patterns, intensity of occupancy, and speed of movement. The objectives of this study were to use GIS and remote sensing to identify the factors that influence the distribution, intensity of occupancy, and speed of movement of Marsabit elephant; to map and describe their wet and dry season range, intensity of occupancy, and speed of movement, as well as seasonal altitudinal movement in the fragmented mosaic of forest and savanna; to research the cost of humans sharing the environment with the elephant in areas adjacent to Marsabit Protected Area.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
  • Skidmore, Andrew, Promotor
  • Prins, Herbert, Promotor
  • van Gils, H.A.M.J., Promotor, External person
Award date19 May 2010
Place of PublicationEnschede
Print ISBNs9789061642909
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • loxodonta africana
  • geographical information systems
  • remote sensing
  • zoogeography
  • geographical distribution
  • movement
  • human activity
  • seasons
  • animal behaviour
  • kenya
  • human impact


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