Why are the Longji Terraces in Southwest China maintained well? A conservation mechanism for agricultural landscapes based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders

Yongxun Zhang*, Lulu He, Xiande Li, Canqiang Zhang, Chen Qian, Jingdong Li, Aiping Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Agricultural landscapes in mountainous areas are facing the destruction due to farmland abandonment. A sustainable conservation mechanism is needed urgently for the rural areas in these places. Dazhai terraces of Longji Terraces, Southwest China are maintained well based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders. From the perspective of household economics, this study examined the income structure of households in Dazhai and estimated every household's income based on the collected data via semi-structural interviews and the statistical data. In Dazhai, the income of households is mainly comprised of agricultural income, compensation for maintaining terraces (CMT), tourism income dividend (TID) and income of local non-farm jobs (IINJ). The IINJ and the TID constitute the most and the second more part of the household incomes, respectively, which account for 70.8% and 17.8% of the total household incomes. The agricultural income just plays a slight role in improving the household incomes. 97.7% of households in Dazhai earn a higher income a year from the agricultural multi-functions than those migrant workers in the region. The sustainable high income from terraced multi-functions is the main driving force to maintain Dazhai terraces. The multi-functions of Dazhai terraces are developed jointly by local governments, companies and villagers. More importantly, these stakeholders’ cooperation rests on the reasonable benefit distribution principles between companies and Dazhai and among villagers in Dazhai. In sum, the benefit distribution mechanisms drive multiple stakeholders to maintain terraced landscapes directly or indirectly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalLand Use Policy
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

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agricultural landscape
terraces
household income
stakeholders
terrace
income
stakeholder
agricultural land
conservation
China
agricultural income
tourism
households
migrant workers
family resource management
local government
income structure
Tourism
rural areas
interviews

Keywords

  • Agricultural heritages
  • Agricultural multi-function
  • Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
  • Longji Terraces
  • Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (NIAHS)
  • Terraced landscape

Cite this

@article{59de4c6ae03b4543a410608db7364497,
title = "Why are the Longji Terraces in Southwest China maintained well? A conservation mechanism for agricultural landscapes based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders",
abstract = "Agricultural landscapes in mountainous areas are facing the destruction due to farmland abandonment. A sustainable conservation mechanism is needed urgently for the rural areas in these places. Dazhai terraces of Longji Terraces, Southwest China are maintained well based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders. From the perspective of household economics, this study examined the income structure of households in Dazhai and estimated every household's income based on the collected data via semi-structural interviews and the statistical data. In Dazhai, the income of households is mainly comprised of agricultural income, compensation for maintaining terraces (CMT), tourism income dividend (TID) and income of local non-farm jobs (IINJ). The IINJ and the TID constitute the most and the second more part of the household incomes, respectively, which account for 70.8{\%} and 17.8{\%} of the total household incomes. The agricultural income just plays a slight role in improving the household incomes. 97.7{\%} of households in Dazhai earn a higher income a year from the agricultural multi-functions than those migrant workers in the region. The sustainable high income from terraced multi-functions is the main driving force to maintain Dazhai terraces. The multi-functions of Dazhai terraces are developed jointly by local governments, companies and villagers. More importantly, these stakeholders’ cooperation rests on the reasonable benefit distribution principles between companies and Dazhai and among villagers in Dazhai. In sum, the benefit distribution mechanisms drive multiple stakeholders to maintain terraced landscapes directly or indirectly.",
keywords = "Agricultural heritages, Agricultural multi-function, Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), Longji Terraces, Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (NIAHS), Terraced landscape",
author = "Yongxun Zhang and Lulu He and Xiande Li and Canqiang Zhang and Chen Qian and Jingdong Li and Aiping Zhang",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.03.046",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "42--51",
journal = "Land Use Policy",
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Why are the Longji Terraces in Southwest China maintained well? A conservation mechanism for agricultural landscapes based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders. / Zhang, Yongxun; He, Lulu; Li, Xiande; Zhang, Canqiang; Qian, Chen; Li, Jingdong; Zhang, Aiping.

In: Land Use Policy, Vol. 85, 01.06.2019, p. 42-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Why are the Longji Terraces in Southwest China maintained well? A conservation mechanism for agricultural landscapes based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders

AU - Zhang, Yongxun

AU - He, Lulu

AU - Li, Xiande

AU - Zhang, Canqiang

AU - Qian, Chen

AU - Li, Jingdong

AU - Zhang, Aiping

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Agricultural landscapes in mountainous areas are facing the destruction due to farmland abandonment. A sustainable conservation mechanism is needed urgently for the rural areas in these places. Dazhai terraces of Longji Terraces, Southwest China are maintained well based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders. From the perspective of household economics, this study examined the income structure of households in Dazhai and estimated every household's income based on the collected data via semi-structural interviews and the statistical data. In Dazhai, the income of households is mainly comprised of agricultural income, compensation for maintaining terraces (CMT), tourism income dividend (TID) and income of local non-farm jobs (IINJ). The IINJ and the TID constitute the most and the second more part of the household incomes, respectively, which account for 70.8% and 17.8% of the total household incomes. The agricultural income just plays a slight role in improving the household incomes. 97.7% of households in Dazhai earn a higher income a year from the agricultural multi-functions than those migrant workers in the region. The sustainable high income from terraced multi-functions is the main driving force to maintain Dazhai terraces. The multi-functions of Dazhai terraces are developed jointly by local governments, companies and villagers. More importantly, these stakeholders’ cooperation rests on the reasonable benefit distribution principles between companies and Dazhai and among villagers in Dazhai. In sum, the benefit distribution mechanisms drive multiple stakeholders to maintain terraced landscapes directly or indirectly.

AB - Agricultural landscapes in mountainous areas are facing the destruction due to farmland abandonment. A sustainable conservation mechanism is needed urgently for the rural areas in these places. Dazhai terraces of Longji Terraces, Southwest China are maintained well based on agricultural multi-functions developed by multi-stakeholders. From the perspective of household economics, this study examined the income structure of households in Dazhai and estimated every household's income based on the collected data via semi-structural interviews and the statistical data. In Dazhai, the income of households is mainly comprised of agricultural income, compensation for maintaining terraces (CMT), tourism income dividend (TID) and income of local non-farm jobs (IINJ). The IINJ and the TID constitute the most and the second more part of the household incomes, respectively, which account for 70.8% and 17.8% of the total household incomes. The agricultural income just plays a slight role in improving the household incomes. 97.7% of households in Dazhai earn a higher income a year from the agricultural multi-functions than those migrant workers in the region. The sustainable high income from terraced multi-functions is the main driving force to maintain Dazhai terraces. The multi-functions of Dazhai terraces are developed jointly by local governments, companies and villagers. More importantly, these stakeholders’ cooperation rests on the reasonable benefit distribution principles between companies and Dazhai and among villagers in Dazhai. In sum, the benefit distribution mechanisms drive multiple stakeholders to maintain terraced landscapes directly or indirectly.

KW - Agricultural heritages

KW - Agricultural multi-function

KW - Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

KW - Longji Terraces

KW - Nationally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (NIAHS)

KW - Terraced landscape

U2 - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.03.046

DO - 10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.03.046

M3 - Article

VL - 85

SP - 42

EP - 51

JO - Land Use Policy

JF - Land Use Policy

SN - 0264-8377

ER -