When a Few Clicks Make All the Difference: Improving Weakly-Supervised Wildlife Detection in UAV Images

B.A. Kellenberger, D. Marcos Gonzalez, D. Tuia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

4 Citations (Scopus)


Automated object detectors on Unmanned Aerial Vehi-cles (UAVs) are increasingly employed for a wide rangeof tasks. However, to be accurate in their specific taskthey need expensive ground truth in the form of boundingboxes or positional information. Weakly-Supervised Ob-ject Detection (WSOD) overcomes this hindrance by local-izing objects with only image-level labels that are faster andcheaper to obtain, but is not on par with fully-supervisedmodels in terms of performance. In this study we proposeto combine both approaches in a model that is principallyapt for WSOD, but receives full position ground truth fora small number of images. Experiments show that withjust 1% of densely annotated images, but simple image-level counts as remaining ground truth, we effectively matchthe performance of fully-supervised models on a challeng-ing dataset with scarcely occurring wildlife on UAV imagesfrom the African savanna. As a result, with a very limitedamount of precise annotations our model can be trainedwith ground truth that is orders of magnitude cheaper andfaster to obtain while still providing the same detection per-formance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW)
Place of PublicationLong Beach, CA, USA
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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