Wheat bran addition improves Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes growth on wheat straw, but not delignification

Lei Mao*, John W. Cone, Wouter H. Hendriks, Anton S.M. Sonnenberg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

A rapid and complete colonization of lignocellulosic biomass by white-rot fungi is a prerequisite for an efficient and contamination free delignification. To improve the colonization, mycelium growth and delignification by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes of wheat straw, with addition of 2, 4, 6 and 10% of wheat bran for 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks, was evaluated. The ergosterol content, chemical composition and in vitro gas production (IVGP) by ruminal microorganisms were determined. The fungal biomass and starch amount was significantly (P < 0.001) affected by the inclusion level of wheat bran and incubation time. An increase in added wheat bran increased the fungal biomass with different effects observed for the two fungi. The added starch from the wheat bran was degraded by C. subvermispora, mainly during the first two weeks (up to 44%), whereas, L. edodes degraded starch during 12 weeks up to 83%. The supplementation of wheat bran, however, did not affect (P > 0.05) the amount of hemicellulose and lignin at the end of the incubation. There was no significant effect of wheat bran addition on the IVGP for the two fungal treatments. Supplementation of wheat straw with wheat bran resulted in a quicker fungal colonization, which is useful for C. subvermispora, a fungus that forms only thin mycelium and is more prone to contamination than L. edodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114361
JournalAnimal Feed Science and Technology
Volume259
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Ceriporiopsis subvermispora
delignification
Lentinula edodes
wheat bran
wheat straw
gas production (biological)
mycelium
rumen microorganisms
white-rot fungi
ergosterol
biomass
hemicellulose
lignin
chemical composition
starch
fungi

Keywords

  • Ceriporiopsis subvermispora
  • Fibre composition
  • Lentinula edodes
  • Starch
  • Wheat bran

Cite this

@article{5924b93870e74b47adeacc483c82ca9e,
title = "Wheat bran addition improves Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes growth on wheat straw, but not delignification",
abstract = "A rapid and complete colonization of lignocellulosic biomass by white-rot fungi is a prerequisite for an efficient and contamination free delignification. To improve the colonization, mycelium growth and delignification by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes of wheat straw, with addition of 2, 4, 6 and 10{\%} of wheat bran for 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks, was evaluated. The ergosterol content, chemical composition and in vitro gas production (IVGP) by ruminal microorganisms were determined. The fungal biomass and starch amount was significantly (P < 0.001) affected by the inclusion level of wheat bran and incubation time. An increase in added wheat bran increased the fungal biomass with different effects observed for the two fungi. The added starch from the wheat bran was degraded by C. subvermispora, mainly during the first two weeks (up to 44{\%}), whereas, L. edodes degraded starch during 12 weeks up to 83{\%}. The supplementation of wheat bran, however, did not affect (P > 0.05) the amount of hemicellulose and lignin at the end of the incubation. There was no significant effect of wheat bran addition on the IVGP for the two fungal treatments. Supplementation of wheat straw with wheat bran resulted in a quicker fungal colonization, which is useful for C. subvermispora, a fungus that forms only thin mycelium and is more prone to contamination than L. edodes.",
keywords = "Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, Fibre composition, Lentinula edodes, Starch, Wheat bran",
author = "Lei Mao and Cone, {John W.} and Hendriks, {Wouter H.} and Sonnenberg, {Anton S.M.}",
year = "2020",
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doi = "10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2019.114361",
language = "English",
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Wheat bran addition improves Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes growth on wheat straw, but not delignification. / Mao, Lei; Cone, John W.; Hendriks, Wouter H.; Sonnenberg, Anton S.M.

In: Animal Feed Science and Technology, Vol. 259, 114361, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wheat bran addition improves Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes growth on wheat straw, but not delignification

AU - Mao, Lei

AU - Cone, John W.

AU - Hendriks, Wouter H.

AU - Sonnenberg, Anton S.M.

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - A rapid and complete colonization of lignocellulosic biomass by white-rot fungi is a prerequisite for an efficient and contamination free delignification. To improve the colonization, mycelium growth and delignification by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes of wheat straw, with addition of 2, 4, 6 and 10% of wheat bran for 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks, was evaluated. The ergosterol content, chemical composition and in vitro gas production (IVGP) by ruminal microorganisms were determined. The fungal biomass and starch amount was significantly (P < 0.001) affected by the inclusion level of wheat bran and incubation time. An increase in added wheat bran increased the fungal biomass with different effects observed for the two fungi. The added starch from the wheat bran was degraded by C. subvermispora, mainly during the first two weeks (up to 44%), whereas, L. edodes degraded starch during 12 weeks up to 83%. The supplementation of wheat bran, however, did not affect (P > 0.05) the amount of hemicellulose and lignin at the end of the incubation. There was no significant effect of wheat bran addition on the IVGP for the two fungal treatments. Supplementation of wheat straw with wheat bran resulted in a quicker fungal colonization, which is useful for C. subvermispora, a fungus that forms only thin mycelium and is more prone to contamination than L. edodes.

AB - A rapid and complete colonization of lignocellulosic biomass by white-rot fungi is a prerequisite for an efficient and contamination free delignification. To improve the colonization, mycelium growth and delignification by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Lentinula edodes of wheat straw, with addition of 2, 4, 6 and 10% of wheat bran for 0, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks, was evaluated. The ergosterol content, chemical composition and in vitro gas production (IVGP) by ruminal microorganisms were determined. The fungal biomass and starch amount was significantly (P < 0.001) affected by the inclusion level of wheat bran and incubation time. An increase in added wheat bran increased the fungal biomass with different effects observed for the two fungi. The added starch from the wheat bran was degraded by C. subvermispora, mainly during the first two weeks (up to 44%), whereas, L. edodes degraded starch during 12 weeks up to 83%. The supplementation of wheat bran, however, did not affect (P > 0.05) the amount of hemicellulose and lignin at the end of the incubation. There was no significant effect of wheat bran addition on the IVGP for the two fungal treatments. Supplementation of wheat straw with wheat bran resulted in a quicker fungal colonization, which is useful for C. subvermispora, a fungus that forms only thin mycelium and is more prone to contamination than L. edodes.

KW - Ceriporiopsis subvermispora

KW - Fibre composition

KW - Lentinula edodes

KW - Starch

KW - Wheat bran

U2 - 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2019.114361

DO - 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2019.114361

M3 - Article

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JO - Animal Feed Science and Technology

JF - Animal Feed Science and Technology

SN - 0377-8401

M1 - 114361

ER -