What Is Gender Equality in Science?

Katherine R. O'Brien*, Milena Holmgren, Terrance Fitzsimmons, Margaret E. Crane, Paul Maxwell, Brian Head

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveyAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Why do inequalities persist between male and female scientists, when the causes are well-researched and widely condemned? In part, because equality has many dimensions. Presenting eight definitions of gender equality, we show each is important but incomplete. Rigid application of any single equality indicator can therefore have perverse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-399
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

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