What Determines the Success of States in Attracting SBIR Awards?

A.J. van der Vlist, S. Gerking, H. Folmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article analyzes the interstate distribution of per capita awards made through the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program operated by the U.S.government from 1983 to 1993. The main finding is that after adjusting for population size, awards tend to be made to firms in centers of innovative activity, where knowledge is most easily created and spillovers between economic agents can occur most readily. State programs to assist prospective applicants for SBIR funding, on the other hand,appear to have had little effect in overcoming this seemingly powerful factor. Thus, the percentage distribution of per capita awards by state has remained roughly constant since the inception of the program
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-90
JournalEconomic Development Quarterly
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • research-and-development
  • spillovers
  • government
  • innovation
  • program
  • impact

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