Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time

Lourens Poorter, Danaë M.A. Rozendaal, Frans Bongers, Jarcilene S. de Almeida-Cortez, Angélica María Almeyda Zambrano, Francisco S. Álvarez, José Luís Andrade, Luis Felipe Arreola Villa, Patricia Balvanera, Justin M. Becknell, Tony V. Bentos, Radika Bhaskar, Vanessa Boukili, Pedro H.S. Brancalion, Eben N. Broadbent, Ricardo G. César, Jerome Chave, Robin L. Chazdon, Gabriel Dalla Colletta, Dylan Craven & 59 others Ben H.J. de Jong, Julie S. Denslow, Daisy H. Dent, Saara J. DeWalt, Elisa Díaz García, Juan Manuel Dupuy, Sandra M. Durán, Mário M. Espírito Santo, María C. Fandiño, Geraldo Wilson Fernandes, Bryan Finegan, Vanessa Granda Moser, Jefferson S. Hall, José Luis Hernández-Stefanoni, Catarina C. Jakovac, André B. Junqueira, Deborah Kennard, Edwin Lebrija-Trejos, Susan G. Letcher, Madelon Lohbeck, Omar R. Lopez, Erika Marín-Spiotta, Miguel Martínez-Ramos, Sebastião V. Martins, Paulo E.S. Massoca, Jorge A. Meave, Rita Mesquita, Francisco Mora, Vanessa de Souza Moreno, Sandra C. Müller, Rodrigo Muñoz, Robert Muscarella, Silvio Nolasco de Oliveira Neto, Yule R.F. Nunes, Susana Ochoa-Gaona, Horacio Paz, Marielos Peña-Claros, Daniel Piotto, Jorge Ruíz, Lucía Sanaphre-Villanueva, Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, Naomi B. Schwartz, Marc K. Steininger, William Wayt Thomas, Marisol Toledo, Maria Uriarte, Luis P. Utrera, Michiel van Breugel, Masha T. van der Sande, Hans van der Wal, Maria D.M. Veloso, Hans F.M. Vester, Ima C.G. Vieira, Pedro Manuel Villa, G.B. Williamson, S.J. Wright, Kátia J. Zanini, Jess K. Zimmerman, Mark Westoby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking. Here, we analyse forest recovery using 1,403 plots that differ in age since agricultural abandonment from 50 sites across the Neotropics. We analyse changes in community composition using species-specific stem wood density (WD), which is a key trait for plant growth, survival and forest carbon storage. In wet forest, succession proceeds from low towards high community WD (acquisitive towards conservative trait values), in line with standard successional theory. However, in dry forest, succession proceeds from high towards low community WD (conservative towards acquisitive trait values), probably because high WD reflects drought tolerance in harsh early successional environments. Dry season intensity drives WD recovery by influencing the start and trajectory of succession, resulting in convergence of the community WD over time as vegetation cover builds up. These ecological insights can be used to improve species selection for reforestation. Reforestation species selected to establish a first protective canopy layer should, among other criteria, ideally have a similar WD to the early successional communities that dominate under the prevailing macroclimatic conditions.

LanguageEnglish
Pages928-934
JournalNature Ecology and Evolution
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2019

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wood density
dry forest
dry forests
tropical forests
tropical forest
forest succession
secondary succession
reforestation
stemwood
forest restoration
forest types
vegetation cover
carbon sequestration
drought tolerance
trajectories
community composition
dry season
tolerance
drought
trajectory

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Poorter, Lourens ; Rozendaal, Danaë M.A. ; Bongers, Frans ; de Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S. ; Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica María ; Álvarez, Francisco S. ; Andrade, José Luís ; Villa, Luis Felipe Arreola ; Balvanera, Patricia ; Becknell, Justin M. ; Bentos, Tony V. ; Bhaskar, Radika ; Boukili, Vanessa ; Brancalion, Pedro H.S. ; Broadbent, Eben N. ; César, Ricardo G. ; Chave, Jerome ; Chazdon, Robin L. ; Colletta, Gabriel Dalla ; Craven, Dylan ; de Jong, Ben H.J. ; Denslow, Julie S. ; Dent, Daisy H. ; DeWalt, Saara J. ; García, Elisa Díaz ; Dupuy, Juan Manuel ; Durán, Sandra M. ; Espírito Santo, Mário M. ; Fandiño, María C. ; Fernandes, Geraldo Wilson ; Finegan, Bryan ; Moser, Vanessa Granda ; Hall, Jefferson S. ; Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis ; Jakovac, Catarina C. ; Junqueira, André B. ; Kennard, Deborah ; Lebrija-Trejos, Edwin ; Letcher, Susan G. ; Lohbeck, Madelon ; Lopez, Omar R. ; Marín-Spiotta, Erika ; Martínez-Ramos, Miguel ; Martins, Sebastião V. ; Massoca, Paulo E.S. ; Meave, Jorge A. ; Mesquita, Rita ; Mora, Francisco ; de Souza Moreno, Vanessa ; Müller, Sandra C. ; Muñoz, Rodrigo ; Muscarella, Robert ; de Oliveira Neto, Silvio Nolasco ; Nunes, Yule R.F. ; Ochoa-Gaona, Susana ; Paz, Horacio ; Peña-Claros, Marielos ; Piotto, Daniel ; Ruíz, Jorge ; Sanaphre-Villanueva, Lucía ; Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo ; Schwartz, Naomi B. ; Steininger, Marc K. ; Thomas, William Wayt ; Toledo, Marisol ; Uriarte, Maria ; Utrera, Luis P. ; van Breugel, Michiel ; van der Sande, Masha T. ; van der Wal, Hans ; Veloso, Maria D.M. ; Vester, Hans F.M. ; Vieira, Ima C.G. ; Villa, Pedro Manuel ; Williamson, G.B. ; Wright, S.J. ; Zanini, Kátia J. ; Zimmerman, Jess K. ; Westoby, Mark. / Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time. In: Nature Ecology and Evolution. 2019 ; Vol. 3. pp. 928-934.
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title = "Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time",
abstract = "Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking. Here, we analyse forest recovery using 1,403 plots that differ in age since agricultural abandonment from 50 sites across the Neotropics. We analyse changes in community composition using species-specific stem wood density (WD), which is a key trait for plant growth, survival and forest carbon storage. In wet forest, succession proceeds from low towards high community WD (acquisitive towards conservative trait values), in line with standard successional theory. However, in dry forest, succession proceeds from high towards low community WD (conservative towards acquisitive trait values), probably because high WD reflects drought tolerance in harsh early successional environments. Dry season intensity drives WD recovery by influencing the start and trajectory of succession, resulting in convergence of the community WD over time as vegetation cover builds up. These ecological insights can be used to improve species selection for reforestation. Reforestation species selected to establish a first protective canopy layer should, among other criteria, ideally have a similar WD to the early successional communities that dominate under the prevailing macroclimatic conditions.",
author = "Lourens Poorter and Rozendaal, {Dana{\"e} M.A.} and Frans Bongers and {de Almeida-Cortez}, {Jarcilene S.} and {Almeyda Zambrano}, {Ang{\'e}lica Mar{\'i}a} and {\'A}lvarez, {Francisco S.} and Andrade, {Jos{\'e} Lu{\'i}s} and Villa, {Luis Felipe Arreola} and Patricia Balvanera and Becknell, {Justin M.} and Bentos, {Tony V.} and Radika Bhaskar and Vanessa Boukili and Brancalion, {Pedro H.S.} and Broadbent, {Eben N.} and C{\'e}sar, {Ricardo G.} and Jerome Chave and Chazdon, {Robin L.} and Colletta, {Gabriel Dalla} and Dylan Craven and {de Jong}, {Ben H.J.} and Denslow, {Julie S.} and Dent, {Daisy H.} and DeWalt, {Saara J.} and Garc{\'i}a, {Elisa D{\'i}az} and Dupuy, {Juan Manuel} and Dur{\'a}n, {Sandra M.} and {Esp{\'i}rito Santo}, {M{\'a}rio M.} and Fandi{\~n}o, {Mar{\'i}a C.} and Fernandes, {Geraldo Wilson} and Bryan Finegan and Moser, {Vanessa Granda} and Hall, {Jefferson S.} and Hern{\'a}ndez-Stefanoni, {Jos{\'e} Luis} and Jakovac, {Catarina C.} and Junqueira, {Andr{\'e} B.} and Deborah Kennard and Edwin Lebrija-Trejos and Letcher, {Susan G.} and Madelon Lohbeck and Lopez, {Omar R.} and Erika Mar{\'i}n-Spiotta and Miguel Mart{\'i}nez-Ramos and Martins, {Sebasti{\~a}o V.} and Massoca, {Paulo E.S.} and Meave, {Jorge A.} and Rita Mesquita and Francisco Mora and {de Souza Moreno}, Vanessa and M{\"u}ller, {Sandra C.} and Rodrigo Mu{\~n}oz and Robert Muscarella and {de Oliveira Neto}, {Silvio Nolasco} and Nunes, {Yule R.F.} and Susana Ochoa-Gaona and Horacio Paz and Marielos Pe{\~n}a-Claros and Daniel Piotto and Jorge Ru{\'i}z and Luc{\'i}a Sanaphre-Villanueva and Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa and Schwartz, {Naomi B.} and Steininger, {Marc K.} and Thomas, {William Wayt} and Marisol Toledo and Maria Uriarte and Utrera, {Luis P.} and {van Breugel}, Michiel and {van der Sande}, {Masha T.} and {van der Wal}, Hans and Veloso, {Maria D.M.} and Vester, {Hans F.M.} and Vieira, {Ima C.G.} and Villa, {Pedro Manuel} and G.B. Williamson and S.J. Wright and Zanini, {K{\'a}tia J.} and Zimmerman, {Jess K.} and Mark Westoby",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1038/s41559-019-0882-6",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "928--934",
journal = "Nature Ecology & Evolution",
issn = "2397-334X",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

Poorter, L, Rozendaal, DMA, Bongers, F, de Almeida-Cortez, JS, Almeyda Zambrano, AM, Álvarez, FS, Andrade, JL, Villa, LFA, Balvanera, P, Becknell, JM, Bentos, TV, Bhaskar, R, Boukili, V, Brancalion, PHS, Broadbent, EN, César, RG, Chave, J, Chazdon, RL, Colletta, GD, Craven, D, de Jong, BHJ, Denslow, JS, Dent, DH, DeWalt, SJ, García, ED, Dupuy, JM, Durán, SM, Espírito Santo, MM, Fandiño, MC, Fernandes, GW, Finegan, B, Moser, VG, Hall, JS, Hernández-Stefanoni, JL, Jakovac, CC, Junqueira, AB, Kennard, D, Lebrija-Trejos, E, Letcher, SG, Lohbeck, M, Lopez, OR, Marín-Spiotta, E, Martínez-Ramos, M, Martins, SV, Massoca, PES, Meave, JA, Mesquita, R, Mora, F, de Souza Moreno, V, Müller, SC, Muñoz, R, Muscarella, R, de Oliveira Neto, SN, Nunes, YRF, Ochoa-Gaona, S, Paz, H, Peña-Claros, M, Piotto, D, Ruíz, J, Sanaphre-Villanueva, L, Sanchez-Azofeifa, A, Schwartz, NB, Steininger, MK, Thomas, WW, Toledo, M, Uriarte, M, Utrera, LP, van Breugel, M, van der Sande, MT, van der Wal, H, Veloso, MDM, Vester, HFM, Vieira, ICG, Villa, PM, Williamson, GB, Wright, SJ, Zanini, KJ, Zimmerman, JK & Westoby, M 2019, 'Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time', Nature Ecology and Evolution, vol. 3, pp. 928-934. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0882-6

Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time. / Poorter, Lourens; Rozendaal, Danaë M.A.; Bongers, Frans; de Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S.; Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica María; Álvarez, Francisco S.; Andrade, José Luís; Villa, Luis Felipe Arreola; Balvanera, Patricia; Becknell, Justin M.; Bentos, Tony V.; Bhaskar, Radika; Boukili, Vanessa; Brancalion, Pedro H.S.; Broadbent, Eben N.; César, Ricardo G.; Chave, Jerome; Chazdon, Robin L.; Colletta, Gabriel Dalla; Craven, Dylan; de Jong, Ben H.J.; Denslow, Julie S.; Dent, Daisy H.; DeWalt, Saara J.; García, Elisa Díaz; Dupuy, Juan Manuel; Durán, Sandra M.; Espírito Santo, Mário M.; Fandiño, María C.; Fernandes, Geraldo Wilson; Finegan, Bryan; Moser, Vanessa Granda; Hall, Jefferson S.; Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis; Jakovac, Catarina C.; Junqueira, André B.; Kennard, Deborah; Lebrija-Trejos, Edwin; Letcher, Susan G.; Lohbeck, Madelon; Lopez, Omar R.; Marín-Spiotta, Erika; Martínez-Ramos, Miguel; Martins, Sebastião V.; Massoca, Paulo E.S.; Meave, Jorge A.; Mesquita, Rita; Mora, Francisco; de Souza Moreno, Vanessa; Müller, Sandra C.; Muñoz, Rodrigo; Muscarella, Robert; de Oliveira Neto, Silvio Nolasco; Nunes, Yule R.F.; Ochoa-Gaona, Susana; Paz, Horacio; Peña-Claros, Marielos; Piotto, Daniel; Ruíz, Jorge; Sanaphre-Villanueva, Lucía; Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo; Schwartz, Naomi B.; Steininger, Marc K.; Thomas, William Wayt; Toledo, Marisol; Uriarte, Maria; Utrera, Luis P.; van Breugel, Michiel; van der Sande, Masha T.; van der Wal, Hans; Veloso, Maria D.M.; Vester, Hans F.M.; Vieira, Ima C.G.; Villa, Pedro Manuel; Williamson, G.B.; Wright, S.J.; Zanini, Kátia J.; Zimmerman, Jess K.; Westoby, Mark.

In: Nature Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 3, 22.04.2019, p. 928-934.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wet and dry tropical forests show opposite successional pathways in wood density but converge over time

AU - Poorter, Lourens

AU - Rozendaal, Danaë M.A.

AU - Bongers, Frans

AU - de Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S.

AU - Almeyda Zambrano, Angélica María

AU - Álvarez, Francisco S.

AU - Andrade, José Luís

AU - Villa, Luis Felipe Arreola

AU - Balvanera, Patricia

AU - Becknell, Justin M.

AU - Bentos, Tony V.

AU - Bhaskar, Radika

AU - Boukili, Vanessa

AU - Brancalion, Pedro H.S.

AU - Broadbent, Eben N.

AU - César, Ricardo G.

AU - Chave, Jerome

AU - Chazdon, Robin L.

AU - Colletta, Gabriel Dalla

AU - Craven, Dylan

AU - de Jong, Ben H.J.

AU - Denslow, Julie S.

AU - Dent, Daisy H.

AU - DeWalt, Saara J.

AU - García, Elisa Díaz

AU - Dupuy, Juan Manuel

AU - Durán, Sandra M.

AU - Espírito Santo, Mário M.

AU - Fandiño, María C.

AU - Fernandes, Geraldo Wilson

AU - Finegan, Bryan

AU - Moser, Vanessa Granda

AU - Hall, Jefferson S.

AU - Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis

AU - Jakovac, Catarina C.

AU - Junqueira, André B.

AU - Kennard, Deborah

AU - Lebrija-Trejos, Edwin

AU - Letcher, Susan G.

AU - Lohbeck, Madelon

AU - Lopez, Omar R.

AU - Marín-Spiotta, Erika

AU - Martínez-Ramos, Miguel

AU - Martins, Sebastião V.

AU - Massoca, Paulo E.S.

AU - Meave, Jorge A.

AU - Mesquita, Rita

AU - Mora, Francisco

AU - de Souza Moreno, Vanessa

AU - Müller, Sandra C.

AU - Muñoz, Rodrigo

AU - Muscarella, Robert

AU - de Oliveira Neto, Silvio Nolasco

AU - Nunes, Yule R.F.

AU - Ochoa-Gaona, Susana

AU - Paz, Horacio

AU - Peña-Claros, Marielos

AU - Piotto, Daniel

AU - Ruíz, Jorge

AU - Sanaphre-Villanueva, Lucía

AU - Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo

AU - Schwartz, Naomi B.

AU - Steininger, Marc K.

AU - Thomas, William Wayt

AU - Toledo, Marisol

AU - Uriarte, Maria

AU - Utrera, Luis P.

AU - van Breugel, Michiel

AU - van der Sande, Masha T.

AU - van der Wal, Hans

AU - Veloso, Maria D.M.

AU - Vester, Hans F.M.

AU - Vieira, Ima C.G.

AU - Villa, Pedro Manuel

AU - Williamson, G.B.

AU - Wright, S.J.

AU - Zanini, Kátia J.

AU - Zimmerman, Jess K.

AU - Westoby, Mark

PY - 2019/4/22

Y1 - 2019/4/22

N2 - Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking. Here, we analyse forest recovery using 1,403 plots that differ in age since agricultural abandonment from 50 sites across the Neotropics. We analyse changes in community composition using species-specific stem wood density (WD), which is a key trait for plant growth, survival and forest carbon storage. In wet forest, succession proceeds from low towards high community WD (acquisitive towards conservative trait values), in line with standard successional theory. However, in dry forest, succession proceeds from high towards low community WD (conservative towards acquisitive trait values), probably because high WD reflects drought tolerance in harsh early successional environments. Dry season intensity drives WD recovery by influencing the start and trajectory of succession, resulting in convergence of the community WD over time as vegetation cover builds up. These ecological insights can be used to improve species selection for reforestation. Reforestation species selected to establish a first protective canopy layer should, among other criteria, ideally have a similar WD to the early successional communities that dominate under the prevailing macroclimatic conditions.

AB - Tropical forests are converted at an alarming rate for agricultural use and pastureland, but also regrow naturally through secondary succession. For successful forest restoration, it is essential to understand the mechanisms of secondary succession. These mechanisms may vary across forest types, but analyses across broad spatial scales are lacking. Here, we analyse forest recovery using 1,403 plots that differ in age since agricultural abandonment from 50 sites across the Neotropics. We analyse changes in community composition using species-specific stem wood density (WD), which is a key trait for plant growth, survival and forest carbon storage. In wet forest, succession proceeds from low towards high community WD (acquisitive towards conservative trait values), in line with standard successional theory. However, in dry forest, succession proceeds from high towards low community WD (conservative towards acquisitive trait values), probably because high WD reflects drought tolerance in harsh early successional environments. Dry season intensity drives WD recovery by influencing the start and trajectory of succession, resulting in convergence of the community WD over time as vegetation cover builds up. These ecological insights can be used to improve species selection for reforestation. Reforestation species selected to establish a first protective canopy layer should, among other criteria, ideally have a similar WD to the early successional communities that dominate under the prevailing macroclimatic conditions.

U2 - 10.1038/s41559-019-0882-6

DO - 10.1038/s41559-019-0882-6

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 928

EP - 934

JO - Nature Ecology & Evolution

T2 - Nature Ecology & Evolution

JF - Nature Ecology & Evolution

SN - 2397-334X

ER -