Water-wise Rice Production

B.A.M. Bouman, H. Hengsdijk, B. Hardy, P.S. Bindraban, T.P. Tuong, J.K. Ladha

    Research output: Book/ReportBookProfessional


    Rice is a profligate user of water. It takes 3,000–5,000 liters to produce 1 kilogram of rice, which is about 2 to 3 times more than to produce 1 kilogram of other cereals such as wheat or maize. Until recently, this amount of water has been taken for granted. Now, however, the water crisis threatens the sustainability of the irrigated rice ecosystem. In Asia, 17 million ha of irrigated rice areas may experience ‘physical water scarcity’ and 22 million ha ‘economic water scarcity’ by 2025. To safeguard food security and preserve precious water resources, ways must be explored to grow rice using less water. IRRI, together with Plant Research International of Wageningen University and Research Centre, organized a thematic workshop on Water-Wise Rice Production held 8-11 April 2002 at IRRI, Los Baños, Philippines. The objectives were to present and discuss the state-of-the-art in the development, dissemination, and adoption of water-saving technologies at spatial scales ranging from the field to irrigation system. This book contains the papers presented at the workshop.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationMakati city, Philippines
    PublisherInternational Rice Research Institute
    Number of pages356
    ISBN (Print)9789712201820
    Publication statusPublished - 2002


    • oryza sativa
    • rice
    • cropping systems
    • water use
    • water use efficiency
    • water management
    • irrigation
    • irrigated farming
    • dry farming
    • upland rice


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