Water quality monitoring Bonaire: Identifications of indicators, methods and locations

D.M.E. Slijkerman, S.R. Smith, E.I. Koelemij, A.D. Rippen

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


On the island Bonaire, eutrophication is a point of serious concern, affecting the coral reefs in the marine park. Eutrophication can cause altered balance of the reef ecosystem because algae shall outcompete corals, eventually leading to a disturbed composition of the reef. The reef of Bonaire faces nutrient input by various sources, of which enriched groundwater outflow from land to the reef is considered to be a substantial source. Groundwater is enriched with nutrients due to the e.g. leaking septic tanks. In order to reduce the input of nutrients on the reef via sewage water, a water treatment plant is being built on Bonaire.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationDen Helder
Number of pages52
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameReport / IMARES Wageningen UR


  • water quality
  • eutrophication
  • septic tanks
  • marine areas
  • sewage treatment
  • water policy
  • bonaire
  • caribbean


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