Water pollution by Pangasius production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam: causes and options for control

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In this paper, we analyse water pollution caused by farming and processing Pangasianodon hypophthalmus in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. The results show that 1 tonne of frozen fillets releases 740 kg BOD, 1020 kg COD, 2050 kg TSS, 106 kg nitrogen and 27 kg phosphorus, of which wastewater from fish ponds contributes 60–90% and sludge from fish ponds and wastewater from processing facilities contributes 3–27% of the total emissions. Overall, the combined waste emissions from Pangasius production and processing account for
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-128
JournalAquaculture Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010



  • waste-water
  • anaerobic treatment
  • cleaner production
  • fish
  • plant
  • effluents
  • industry
  • coastal
  • catfish
  • carbon

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