Water pollution by intensive brackish shrimp farming in south-east Vietnam: Causes and options for control

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This paper focuses on both the environmental impact of intensive shrimp farming in the coastal region of Vietnam and the identification of options for cleaner production. We investigated water pollution, sediment contamination and the spread of diseases related to shrimp farming in the Can Gio district of Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), an area representative for the impacts of intensive shrimp production in the country. Data on the production process was compiled from site observations, interviews with local farmers and experts, as well as from secondary sources. The results indicate that, while a large number of individual farms may exceed environmental standards, intensive shrimp farming is not always associated with waste streams exceeding water quality standards. This is interesting because it shows currently available technologies can reduce pollution from intensive shrimp farms. The paper concludes by identifying technologically and economically feasible options for reducing water pollution, problems associated with contaminated sediment, and the spread of diseases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)872-882
JournalAgricultural Water Management
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010



  • of-california ecoregion
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  • nitrogen budget
  • aquaculture
  • pond
  • thailand
  • sustainability
  • effluent
  • alternatives

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