Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production

A preliminary study

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Greenhouse cultivations are high input systems with respect to water and fertiliser usage. Worldwide increasing water shortages and competition for freshwater is raising the awareness that water use efficiency is a necessity in greenhouse horticulture. Releasing drain water from the greenhouse into the environment can also compromise surface and ground water quality due to the emissions of fertilisers and plant protection products. In soilless cultivation the nutrient solution can be recirculated; consequently they are highly efficient and sustainable production systems. Dutch growers have to realise zero emission by 2027 due to agreements made with government. However most are hesitant to fully recycle nutrient solutions, despite the many studies that have been conducted to resolve technical (installation) and physiological (growth) problems related to recycling drain water. In this study we demonstrate that with current best practice zero-emission crop production can become a reality. In the first trial (cucumber; July-November 2014) and up to the mid-season evaluation point of the second trial (sweet pepper; Dec-July 2015) no differences in production and fruit quality were found between the zero-emission cultivation and the reference cultivation grown to the agreed emission standards of 2015. Technology and cultivation strategy implemented are described and discussed and compared to common practice.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages1133-1140
Volume1170
ISBN (Electronic)9789462611665
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1170
ISSN (Print)0567-7572

Fingerprint

zero emissions
crop production
drainage water
greenhouses
nutrient solutions
fertilizers
water shortages
water
sweet peppers
horticulture
plant protection
cucumbers
recycling
water use efficiency
fruit quality
growers
surface water
production technology
water quality

Keywords

  • Discharge
  • Drain water
  • Emission
  • Greenhouse horticulture
  • Nutrient solution
  • Plant protection products
  • Recycling
  • Soilless cultivation

Cite this

Beerling, E., Van Os, E., Van Ruijven, J., Janse, J., Lee, A., & Blok, C. (2017). Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production: A preliminary study. In International Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015 (Vol. 1170, pp. 1133-1140). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1170). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1170.146
Beerling, E. ; Van Os, E. ; Van Ruijven, J. ; Janse, J. ; Lee, Andrew ; Blok, C. / Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production : A preliminary study. International Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015. Vol. 1170 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2017. pp. 1133-1140 (Acta Horticulturae).
@inproceedings{07a0db5a3a0140ad98c62ad9f721389d,
title = "Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production: A preliminary study",
abstract = "Greenhouse cultivations are high input systems with respect to water and fertiliser usage. Worldwide increasing water shortages and competition for freshwater is raising the awareness that water use efficiency is a necessity in greenhouse horticulture. Releasing drain water from the greenhouse into the environment can also compromise surface and ground water quality due to the emissions of fertilisers and plant protection products. In soilless cultivation the nutrient solution can be recirculated; consequently they are highly efficient and sustainable production systems. Dutch growers have to realise zero emission by 2027 due to agreements made with government. However most are hesitant to fully recycle nutrient solutions, despite the many studies that have been conducted to resolve technical (installation) and physiological (growth) problems related to recycling drain water. In this study we demonstrate that with current best practice zero-emission crop production can become a reality. In the first trial (cucumber; July-November 2014) and up to the mid-season evaluation point of the second trial (sweet pepper; Dec-July 2015) no differences in production and fruit quality were found between the zero-emission cultivation and the reference cultivation grown to the agreed emission standards of 2015. Technology and cultivation strategy implemented are described and discussed and compared to common practice.",
keywords = "Discharge, Drain water, Emission, Greenhouse horticulture, Nutrient solution, Plant protection products, Recycling, Soilless cultivation",
author = "E. Beerling and {Van Os}, E. and {Van Ruijven}, J. and J. Janse and Andrew Lee and C. Blok",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1170.146",
language = "English",
volume = "1170",
series = "Acta Horticulturae",
publisher = "International Society for Horticultural Science",
pages = "1133--1140",
booktitle = "International Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015",

}

Beerling, E, Van Os, E, Van Ruijven, J, Janse, J, Lee, A & Blok, C 2017, Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production: A preliminary study. in International Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015. vol. 1170, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 1170, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 1133-1140. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1170.146

Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production : A preliminary study. / Beerling, E.; Van Os, E.; Van Ruijven, J.; Janse, J.; Lee, Andrew; Blok, C.

International Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015. Vol. 1170 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2017. p. 1133-1140 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1170).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production

T2 - A preliminary study

AU - Beerling, E.

AU - Van Os, E.

AU - Van Ruijven, J.

AU - Janse, J.

AU - Lee, Andrew

AU - Blok, C.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Greenhouse cultivations are high input systems with respect to water and fertiliser usage. Worldwide increasing water shortages and competition for freshwater is raising the awareness that water use efficiency is a necessity in greenhouse horticulture. Releasing drain water from the greenhouse into the environment can also compromise surface and ground water quality due to the emissions of fertilisers and plant protection products. In soilless cultivation the nutrient solution can be recirculated; consequently they are highly efficient and sustainable production systems. Dutch growers have to realise zero emission by 2027 due to agreements made with government. However most are hesitant to fully recycle nutrient solutions, despite the many studies that have been conducted to resolve technical (installation) and physiological (growth) problems related to recycling drain water. In this study we demonstrate that with current best practice zero-emission crop production can become a reality. In the first trial (cucumber; July-November 2014) and up to the mid-season evaluation point of the second trial (sweet pepper; Dec-July 2015) no differences in production and fruit quality were found between the zero-emission cultivation and the reference cultivation grown to the agreed emission standards of 2015. Technology and cultivation strategy implemented are described and discussed and compared to common practice.

AB - Greenhouse cultivations are high input systems with respect to water and fertiliser usage. Worldwide increasing water shortages and competition for freshwater is raising the awareness that water use efficiency is a necessity in greenhouse horticulture. Releasing drain water from the greenhouse into the environment can also compromise surface and ground water quality due to the emissions of fertilisers and plant protection products. In soilless cultivation the nutrient solution can be recirculated; consequently they are highly efficient and sustainable production systems. Dutch growers have to realise zero emission by 2027 due to agreements made with government. However most are hesitant to fully recycle nutrient solutions, despite the many studies that have been conducted to resolve technical (installation) and physiological (growth) problems related to recycling drain water. In this study we demonstrate that with current best practice zero-emission crop production can become a reality. In the first trial (cucumber; July-November 2014) and up to the mid-season evaluation point of the second trial (sweet pepper; Dec-July 2015) no differences in production and fruit quality were found between the zero-emission cultivation and the reference cultivation grown to the agreed emission standards of 2015. Technology and cultivation strategy implemented are described and discussed and compared to common practice.

KW - Discharge

KW - Drain water

KW - Emission

KW - Greenhouse horticulture

KW - Nutrient solution

KW - Plant protection products

KW - Recycling

KW - Soilless cultivation

U2 - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1170.146

DO - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1170.146

M3 - Conference paper

VL - 1170

T3 - Acta Horticulturae

SP - 1133

EP - 1140

BT - International Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015

PB - International Society for Horticultural Science

ER -

Beerling E, Van Os E, Van Ruijven J, Janse J, Lee A, Blok C. Water-efficient zero-emission greenhouse crop production: A preliminary study. In International Symposium on New Technologies and Management for Greenhouses - GreenSys2015. Vol. 1170. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2017. p. 1133-1140. (Acta Horticulturae). https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2017.1170.146