Wastewater re-use and groundwater quality: introduction

J.H.A.M. Steenvoorden

    Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper


    In many parts of the world regional water resources and future water supply are at risk as a result of climate change and population increase. Innovative measures are necessary to find socio-economically acceptable solutions to combat the existing scarcity of water. Re-use of (pre-)treated wastewater, specially in agriculture, could considerably contribute to conservation of regional water resources, ecycling of nutrients and prevention of surface water pollution. However, water quality guidelines for astewater irrigation are very strict in order to prevent health risks from pathogenic organisms and uarantee crop quality. An integrated approach is needed in the water chain: groundwater resources, astewater production, wastewater (pre-)treatment, wastewater re-use, to find optimal solutions with espect to food security, cost-effectiveness, environmental load and health risks. In general, implementation of a new concept is difficult as a result of institutional complexity and resistance. Local institutions and engineers need to further develop and adapt the treatment systems to the local climate and cultural conditions. There is a need for a course to be set-up and information to be made available to educate and train students in this complex field.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


    • water resources
    • waste water
    • water reuse
    • irrigation water
    • water quality


    Dive into the research topics of 'Wastewater re-use and groundwater quality: introduction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this