Vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change in Central America and Mexico: current knowledge and research gaps

Camila I. Donatti*, Celia A. Harvey, M.R. Martinez-Rodriguez, Raffaele Vignola, Carlos M. Rodriguez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As governments are becoming aware of the potential impacts of climate change on agriculture many are developing adaptation policies targeting smallholder farmers. However, in many cases, governments lack information to develop them. We reviewed the state of knowledge of smallholder’s vulnerability to climate change in Central America and Mexico and identified information gaps that may be preventing the development of adaptation actions targeting this group. While there is information on expected impacts of climate change on agriculture and on adaptation measures that could help minimize impacts, information that specifically assess the vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change is very limited. To support adaptation policies targeting smallholders in the region, more information is needed on (a) who the most vulnerable smallholders are and where they are located, (b) what is driving the vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change in target areas and (c) what are the effectiveness, costs and benefits of adaptation measures recommended for smallholder farmers. Funding and programmes need to be set up to fill those gaps and for adaptation to be effectively implemented. Other regions where smallholder farmers are important for agriculture production may be facing similar issues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)264-286
Number of pages23
JournalClimate and Development
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adaptation measures
  • adaptation policies
  • adaptive capacity
  • climate change impacts
  • research needs

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