Vulnerability and adaptation of European farmer: a multi-level analysis of yield and income responses to climate variability

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Abstract

Climate change will affect crop yields and consequently farmers¿ income. The underlying relationships are not well understood, particularly the importance of crop management and related factors at the farm and regional level. We analyze the impacts of trends and variability in climatic conditions from 1990 to 2003 on trends and variability in yields of five crops and farmers¿ income at farm type and regional level in Europe considering farm characteristics and other factors. While Mediterranean regions are often characterized as most vulnerable to climate change, our data suggest effective adaptation to variable and changing conditions in these regions largely attributable to the characteristic farm types in these regions. We conclude that for projections of climate change impacts on agriculture, farm characteristics influencing management and adaptation should be considered, as they largely influence the potential impacts
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-40
JournalRegional Environmental Change
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • agricultural land-use
  • crop models
  • adaptive capacity
  • food-production
  • elevated co2
  • impacts
  • policy
  • wheat
  • trends
  • heterogeneity

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