Visioning with the Public: Incorporating Public Values in Landscape Planning

M. de Groot, M.H. Winnubst, N. van Schie, J.A. van Ast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This article focuses on the incorporation of values in visioning, an early stage of landscape planning from a social learning perspective. After an introduction of social learning in planning and visioning directed at expert knowledge and public values, two visioning cases are evaluated. The authors assess methods of making public values manifest and ways to include them in the visioning process. The cases show that surveys, semi-structured interviews and the emphasis on values during the visioning exercise itself were suitable methods to acquaint civilians with both their own values and those of others. The explicit values made communication more effective and enhanced social learning. In both cases, the civilians proved to be capable of expressing their values and visioning in conjunction with experts. The article concludes with the impact of integrating values in landscape planning, the learning process that emerged between the stakeholders and the implication of the findings for visioning practices elsewhere
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1181
JournalEuropean Planning Studies
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • natural-resource management
  • environmental values
  • organizations
  • participation
  • netherlands
  • preferences
  • ethics


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