Virus hazards from food, water and other contaminated environments

D. Rodriguez-Lázaro, N. Cook, F.M. Ruggeri, J. Sellwood, A. Nasser, M.S. Nascimento, M. D'Agostino, R. Santos, J.C. Saiz, A. Rzezutka, A. Bosch, R. Girones, A. Carducci, M. Muscullo, K. Kovac, M. Diez-Valcarce, A. Vantarakis, C.H. Bonsdorff, A.M. de Roda Husman, M. HernándezW.H.M. van der Poel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Numerous viruses of human or animal origin can spread in the environment and infect people via water and food, mostly through ingestion and occasionally through skin contact. These viruses are released into the environment by various routes including water run-offs and aerosols. Furthermore, zoonotic viruses may infect humans exposed to contaminated surface waters. Foodstuffs of animal origin can be contaminated, and their consumption may cause human infection if the viruses are not inactivated during food processing. Molecular epidemiology and surveillance of environmental samples are necessary to elucidate the public health hazards associated with exposure to environmental viruses. Whereas monitoring of viral nucleic acids by PCR methods is relatively straightforward and well documented, detection of infectious virus particles is technically more demanding and not always possible (e.g. human norovirus or hepatitis E virus). The human pathogenic viruses that are most relevant in this context are nonenveloped and belong to the families of the Caliciviridae, Adenoviridae, Hepeviridae, Picornaviridae and Reoviridae. Sampling methods and strategies, first-choice detection methods and evaluation criteria are reviewed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-814
JournalFEMS Microbiology Reviews
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • hepatitis-e-virus
  • reverse transcription-pcr
  • human enteric viruses
  • polymerase-chain-reaction
  • norwalk-like virus
  • cell-culture-pcr
  • time rt-pcr
  • sequence-based amplification
  • human pathogenic viruses
  • treated drinking-water

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Virus hazards from food, water and other contaminated environments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Projects

    Cite this

    Rodriguez-Lázaro, D., Cook, N., Ruggeri, F. M., Sellwood, J., Nasser, A., Nascimento, M. S., ... van der Poel, W. H. M. (2012). Virus hazards from food, water and other contaminated environments. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 36(4), 786-814. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.2011.00306.x