Virtual water trade and the contestation of hydrosocial territories

Jeroen Vos, Leonith Hinojosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Growing trade in virtual water – the water used to produce exported products from agriculture and mining sectors – affects local communities and the environment, and transforms hydrosocial territories. National and international water regulations reshape communities’ hydrosocial territories by changing water governance structures to favour export commodity sectors, often inducing strong contestation from local communities. Transnational companies formulate and enforce global water governance arrangements oriented toward strengthening export production chains, often through asymmetrical relationships with local groups in water-export regions. These arrangements compromise political representation and water security for both local communities and companies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-53
JournalWater International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • contestation
  • corporate social responsibility
  • Hydrosocial territory
  • international trade
  • virtual water

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