Viral suppressors of RNA interference impair RNA silencing induced by a Semliki Forest virus replicon in tick cells

S. Garcia, A. Billecocq, J.M. Crance, M.W. Prins, D. Garin, M. Bouloy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It was recently shown that infection of ISE6 tick cells by a recombinant Semliki Forest virus (SFV) expressing a heterologous gene induced small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and silencing of the gene. To gain information on RNA interference (RNAi) in ticks, three known viral inhibitors that act in different ways, the NS1 protein of Influenza virus, NSs of Tospovirus Tomato spotted wilt virus and HC-Pro of Zucchini yellow mosaic virus were expressed and investigated to determine if they antagonize induced RNAi. Using the recombinant SFV replicon expressing firefly luciferase, silencing was induced and the suppressor activity of these inhibitors during or after initiation of siRNA synthesis was tested, to determine which step of the RNAi pathway is impaired. It was found that these proteins, identified in mammalian or plant systems, also display activity in tick cells. These data suggest that ticks utilize a mechanism similar to the one found in other eukaryotes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1985-1989
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume87
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • nonstructural protein nss
  • amblyomma-americanum
  • ixodes-scapularis
  • fever virus
  • gene
  • plants
  • influenza
  • expression
  • induction
  • pathogenicity

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