Vertical farming in Europe: Present status and outlook

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36 Citations (Scopus)


In Europe, plant factories are typically referred to as vertical or indoor farms. Vertical farming is a young, dynamic, and ever-changing sector. The number of vertical farms in Europe is still relatively small, but the sector is increasing rapidly. In this chapter, an overview is given of the different types of vertical farms found in Europe, i.e., PFALs (plant factory with artificial light), container farms, in-store farms, and appliance farms. The entrepreneurial landscape is described. This description not only includes companies growing the crops but also companies supplying the technology. Many of the European vertical farming companies are listed, including well-established and start-up companies. The potential, and risks, of vertical farming are discussed in the European context. © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPlant Factory
Subtitle of host publicationAn Indoor Vertical Farming System for Efficient Quality Food Production
EditorsT. Kozai, G. Niu, M. Takagaki
ISBN (Electronic)9780128166925
ISBN (Print)9780128166918
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2019


  • Appliance farm
  • Business
  • Container farm
  • Europe
  • In-store farm
  • Indoor farm
  • PFAL
  • Plant factory
  • Vertical farm


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