Vegetation barrier and tillage effects on runoff and sediment in an alley crop system on a Luvisol in Burkina Faso

W.P. Spaan, A.F.S. Sikking, W.B. Hoogmoed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of vegetation barriers and tillage on runoff and soil loss were evaluated in an alley crop system at a research station in central Burkina Faso. On a 2% slope of a sandy loam various local species (grasses, woody species and a succulent) were planted as conservation barriers in order to examine their influence on sediment transport. After each erosive storm, runoff and sediment yield was determined. The dense effective barriers (Andropogon gayanus and dense natural vegetation) slow down flow velocity, build up backwater and promote sedimentation uphill. The through flow in the less effective barriers with woody species and succulents (Ziziphus mauritania and Agave sisalana) was slightly hampered and flow velocity was not reduced enough, resulting in a higher soil transport. Under degraded conditions soil loss diminished 50% with less effective and 70¿90% with effective barriers. During the initial cropping phase (light tillage; sowing) erosion was reduced 40¿60% with effective barriers and showed an increase of 45% with less effective barriers. In the full tillage (weeding) period erosion decreased by 80¿90% for effective and 70% for less effective barriers, aided by the development of the barrier and the crop on the alley. Barriers of natural vegetation and A. gayanus are preferred for diminishing soil loss
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-203
JournalSoil & Tillage Research
Volume83
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • detachment
  • rainfall
  • strips
  • soils

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