Tospoviruses are now recognized worldwide as limiting factors in the production of a large number of horticultural crops. The economic impact of the type species of these viruses, the tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), seems to be the highest because of its very broad host range, the current worldwide spread one of its most common vectors, the western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) and the abundance of Thrips tabaci in some solanaceous crops. The economic impact of recently described tospovirus species must still be assessed using reliable diagnostic tools. The spread of the tospoviruses and infection of the plant results from interactions between the plant, the vector and the virus. To better understand the epidemiology of tospoviruses, their interactions with various thrips species are reported.