Varicelloviruses avoid T cell recognition by UL49.5-mediated inactivation of the transporter associated with antigen processing

D. Koppers-Lalic, E.A. Reits, M.E. Ressing, A.D. Lipinska, R. Abele, J. Koch, M. Marcondes Rezende, P. Admiraal, D. Leeuwen, K. Bienkowska-Szewczyk, T.C. Mettenleiter, F.A.M. Rijsewijk, R. Tampe, J. Neefjes, E.J. Wiertz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    139 Citations (Scopus)


    Detection and elimination of virus-infected cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytes depends on recognition of virus-derived peptides presented by MHC class I molecules. A critical step in this process is the translocation of peptides from the cytoplasm into the endoplasmic reticulum by the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). Here, we identified the bovine herpesvirus 1-encoded UL49.5 protein as a potent inhibitor of TAP. The expression of UL49.5 results in down-regulation of MHC class I molecules at the cell surface and inhibits detection and lysis of the cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. UL49.5 homologs encoded by two other varicelloviruses, pseudorabies-virus and equine herpesvirus 1, also block TAP. Homologs of UL49.5 are widely present in herpesviruses, acting as interaction partners for glycoprotein M, but in several varicelloviruses UL49.5 has uniquely evolved additional functions that mediate its participation in TAP inhibition. Inactivation of TAP by UL49.5 involves two events: inhibition of peptide transport through a conformational arrest of the transporter and degradation of TAP by proteasomes. UL49.5 is degraded along with TAP via a reaction that requires the cytoplasmic tail of UL49.5. Thus, UL49.5 represents a unique immune evasion protein that inactivates TAP through a unique two-tiered process
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5144-5149
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Issue number14
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


    • class-i expression
    • disulfide-linked complex
    • peptide-loading complex
    • virus protein icp47
    • endoplasmic-reticulum
    • equine herpesvirus-1
    • glycoprotein-m
    • transmembrane domains
    • molecular-mechanism
    • down-regulation

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