Valuation of Wetland Ecosystem Services in National Nature Reserves in China’s Coastal Zones

Xiaowei Li, Xiubo Yu, Xiyong Hou*, Yubin Liu, Hui Li, Yangming Zhou, Shaoxia Xia, Yu Liu, Houlang Duan, Yuyu Wang, Yuehan Dou, Meng Yang, Li Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Wetlands provide ecosystem services for regional development, and, thus, have considerable economic value. In this study, a combination of evaluation methods was carried out to evaluate the wetland ecosystem services provided by national nature reserves in 11 coastal provinces/municipalities in China. We constructed a literature database containing 808observations (over 170 papers) on field-scale research for wetlands in China’s coastal zones. Using this literature database, as well as land use (LU) data, net primary productivity (NPP), and statistical data, and digital elevation model (DEM) data, we established a valuation framework and database for nine important ecosystem services of the 13 wetland types in the study area. After the large-scale academic literature review, the ordinary kriging offered by Geostatistical Analyst tools was used to interpolate the physical dimensions of the unmeasured locations. The results showed that: 1) the wetland ecosystem services in 35 national nature reserves have a total value of 33.168billion USD/year; 2) the values of wetland ecosystem services revealed considerable spatial variability along China’s coastal zones; and 3) assessments provide additional insights into the trade-offs between different ecosystem services and wetland types. The valuation framework and database established in this study can contribute to the mapping of wetland ecosystem services in coastal zones.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3131
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 13 Apr 2020


  • Coastal national nature reserves
  • Land use
  • Spatial distribution
  • Valuation
  • Wetland ecosystem services


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