Valorisation of Jatropha curcas L. plant parts : nut shell conversion to fast pyrolysis oil

R. Manurung, D.A.Z. Wever, J. Wildschut, R.H. Venderbosch, H. Hidayat, J.E.G. van Dam, E.J. Leijenhorst, A.A. Broekhuis, H.J. Heeres

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64 Citations (Scopus)


The biorefinery concept is a very powerful concept to optimise the conversion of biomass resources to value-added products with a minimum loss of energy and mass and a maximum overall value of the production chain. We here report our activities on the application of this concept to valorise the Jatropha curcas L. (JCL) shrub, a (sub)-tropical plant producing a high quality plant oil that may be converted to biodiesel in good yields. Within a research consortium of Dutch and Indonesian researchers, we are exploring high added value outlets for byproducts of the JCL plant (leaves, latex) and seed processing units (press cake). As an example, we here report fast pyrolysis experiments to convert the nut shells to fast pyrolysis oil, a promising second generation biofuel. The fast pyrolysis experiments were carried out in a continuous bench scale pyrolyser at a throughput of 2.27 kg/h at 480 °C and atmospheric pressure. The nut shell pyrolysis oil was obtained in 50 wt.% yield, the remainder being char (23 wt.%), gas (17 wt.%) and ash. Relevant product properties of the oil were determined and indicate that the oil is inhomogeneous in nature
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-196
JournalFood and Bioproducts Processing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • bio-oils
  • biomass
  • energy
  • waste
  • biofuels
  • progress
  • protein
  • reactor
  • fuels


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