Using the Time-Lag-Correlation function of Dual-Aperture-Scintillometer measurements to obtain the Crosswind

D. van Dinther, O.K. Hartogensis

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The wind component perpendicular to airport runways, the so-called crosswind (U⊥), introduces a safety risk for airplanes landing and taking off. The crosswind U⊥ on the runway is in general measured by cup anemometers and wind vanes, which are point measurements. The U⊥ measured by a scintillometer can also be applied to increase safety for other transportation sectors, for example, trains and bridges. In this study the crosswind (U⊥) is determined from dual large-aperture scintillometer (DLAS) measurements.
In this study the crosswind (U perpendicular to) is determined from the time-lag correlation function [r(12)(tau))] measured by a dual large-aperture scintillometer; U perpendicular to is defined as the wind component perpendicular to a path-in this case, the scintillometer path. A scintillometer obtains a path-averaged U perpendicular to, which for ome applications is an advantage compared to other wind measurement devices. Four methods were used to obtain U perpendicular to: the peak method, the Briggs method, the zero-slope method, and the lookup table method. This last method is a new method introduced in this paper, which obtains U perpendicular to by comparing r(12)(tau) of a measurement to r(12)(tau) of a theoretical model. The U perpendicular to values obtained from the scintillometer were validated with sonic anemometer measurements. The best results were obtained by the zero-slope method for U perpendicular to, <2ms(-1) and by the lookup table method for U perpendicular to > 2ms(-1). The Briggs method also showed promising results, but it is not always able to obtain U perpendicular to. The results showed that a high parallel wind component (>2.5 ms(-1)) on the scintillometer path can cause an overestimation of U perpendicular to mainly for low U perpendicular to values
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-78
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • climatic change
  • wind speed
  • measurement
  • wind measurements
  • scintillations
  • lidar

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