Using SIMGRO for drought analysis – as demonstrated for the Taquari Basin, Brazil

E.P. Querner, H.A.J. van Lanen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

3 Citations (Scopus)


Tools were developed and tested to quantify space–time development of droughts at the river basin scale. The spatial development of a hydrological drought in river basins brings different challenges to describe drought characteristics, such as: area in a drought and areal expressions for onset, duration and severity. We used the regional hydrological model SIMGRO in a GIS framework to generate the spatially-distributed time series for the drought analysis. Droughts in different hydrological variables (recharge and groundwater discharge) were identified by applying the fixed threshold concept to the time series. The method captures the development of both the duration and the severity of the area in a drought. The GIS helps to better understand the link between areal drought characteristics and spatially-distributed catchment characteristics. Functions, like agriculture, nature or navigation in a region, need to be considered more in defining the appropriate threshold levels. It is also important to take into account varying hydrological conditions like regions with deep or shallow groundwater levels, resulting in periods with capillary rise in the unsaturated zone in the latter
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Sixth World FRIEND Conference on Global Change: Facing Risks and Threats to Water Resources , Fez, Morocco, 25-29 October 2010
EditorsE. Servat, S. Demuth, A Dezetter, T Daniell
Place of PublicationFEZ, Morocco
ISBN (Print)9781907161131
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventSixth World FRIEND Conference, Fez, Morocco -
Duration: 25 Oct 201029 Oct 2010


ConferenceSixth World FRIEND Conference, Fez, Morocco


  • Drought
  • GIS
  • Groundwater
  • Modelling
  • River basin
  • Spatial-temporal
  • Surface water


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