Users empowered in smart grid development? Assumptions and up-to-date knowledge

Barbara van Mierlo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Active involvement of users in smart grids is often seen as key to beneficial development of smart grids. In this paper, we investigate the diverse assumptions about how and why users should be active and to what extent these assumptions are supported by experiences in practice. We present the findings of a systematic literature review on four distinctive forms of user involvement in actual smart grid projects: demand shifting, energy saving, co-design, and co-provision. The state-of-the-art knowledge reflects the preoccupation with demand shifting in the actual smart grid development. Little is known about the other user roles. More diversity in types of projects regarding user roles would improve the knowledge base for important decisions defining the future of smart grids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0815
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2019


  • Demand management
  • Renewable energy transition
  • Smart grids
  • Users

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