Use of Physiologically Based Kinetic Modeling to Predict Deoxynivalenol Metabolism and Its Role in Intestinal Inflammation and Bile Acid Kinetics in Humans

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Abstract

Current points of departure used to derive health-based guidance values for deoxynivalenol (DON) are based on studies in laboratory animals. Here, an animal-free testing approach was adopted in which a reverse dosimetry physiologically based kinetic (PBK) modeling is used to predict in vivo dose response curves for DON’s effects on intestinal pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion and intestinal bile acid reabsorption in humans from concentration-effect relationships for DON in vitro. The calculated doses for inducing a 5% added effect above the background level (ED5) of DON for increasing IL-1β secretion in intestinal tissue and for increasing the amounts in the colon lumen of glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA) were 246 and 36 μg/kg bw/day, respectively. These in vitro-in silico-derived ED5 values were compared to human dietary DON exposure levels, indicating that the risk of DON’s effects on these end points occurring in various human populations cannot be excluded. This in vitro-in silico approach provides a novel testing strategy for hazard and risk assessment without using laboratory animals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-772
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • bile acid malabsorption
  • deoxynivalenol
  • intestinal inflammation
  • physiologically based kinetic modeling
  • quantitative in vitro to in vivo extrapolation

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