Within-field spatial variability of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) was studied at three different sites on Alfisols in Niger. Grain yields in fields on a North-South gradient were 8-383, 2-1343, 7-815 kg/ha, with a coefficient of variation of 61, 55, and 53%, respectively. Variability was explained by soil chemical factors for only 5 to 28%. A simple method of scoring millet growth for individual hills a few weeks before harvest was tested by measuring yield variability in a field as an alternative for expensive soil chemical analyses. The median score value explained 25, 67, and 8% of the variability for the same gradient, respectively. As a verification step, map pattern comparisons of millet grain and straw yields with median score values gave low taxonomic distances (0.01-1.7), indicating significant similarities in variability. The hill scoring method is an appropriate tool to identify millet grain and straw yield variability.