Urban Rainfall Estimation employing commercial microwave links

A. Overeem, H. Leijnse, R. Uijlenhoet, J.A.E. Ten Veldhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalAbstractAcademic


Urban areas often lack rainfall information. To increase the number of rainfall observations in cities, microwave
links from operational cellular telecommunication networks may be employed. Although this new potential source
of rainfall information has been shown to be promising, its quality needs to be demonstrated more extensively.
In the Rain Sense kickstart project of the Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Metropolitan Solutions (AMS),
sensors and citizens are preparing Amsterdam for future weather. Part of this project is rainfall estimation using
new measurement techniques. Innovative sensing techniques will be utilized such as rainfall estimation from microwave
links, umbrellas for weather sensing, low-cost sensors at lamp posts and in drainage pipes for water level
observation. These will be combined with information provided by citizens in an active way through smartphone
apps and in a passive way through social media posts (Twitter, Flickr etc.). Sensor information will be integrated,
visualized and made accessible to citizens to help raise citizen awareness of urban water management challenges
and promote resilience by providing information on how citizens can contribute in addressing these. Moreover,
citizens and businesses can benefit from reliable weather information in planning their social and commercial activities. In the end city-wide high-resolution rainfall maps will be derived, blending rainfall information from microwave links and weather radars. This information will be used for urban water management.
This presentation focuses on rainfall estimation from commercial microwave links. Received signal levels from tens of microwave links within the Amsterdam region (roughly 1 million inhabitants) in the Netherlands
are utilized to estimate rainfall with high spatial and temporal resolution. Rainfall maps will be presented and compared to a gauge-adjusted radar rainfall data set. Rainfall time series from gauge(s), radars and links will be
Original languageEnglish
Article numberEGU2015-8889
Number of pages1
JournalGeophysical Research Abstracts
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2015
EventEGU General Assembly 2015 - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 12 Apr 201517 Apr 2015


  • Urban Rainfall
  • Rainfall Information
  • Rainfall Observations
  • Microwave Links
  • Telecommunication Networks


Dive into the research topics of 'Urban Rainfall Estimation employing commercial microwave links'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this