Untersuchungen ueber die 'zwarte houtvatenziekte' der Futter- und Zuckerruebe, verursacht durch Pythium irregulare Buisman

H.R. Girginkoc

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

Abstract

The relation was studied between black vessel disease of beet and factors influencing the condition of the soil. Field observations demonstrated that the disease occurred exclusively on sandy soils and that wet and cool weather during May and June encouraged the disease.

The virulence was studied of several strains of Pythium irregulare and one strain of P. debaryanum. All these strains could cause damping-off but only a few strains of P. irregulare could cause black vessel disease. Toxic metabolites of the fungus, secreted in the lateral roots and transported through the waterconducting tissues, caused the symptoms of black vessel disease. A correlation could be demonstrated between the pathogenicity of the different strains and the toxicity of their staling products.

The amount of nutrients in the soil had no influence on the severity of the disease but acid soil (pH 7.1-4.9) encouraged the disease.

The influence of the temperature was clearest at a moisture content of 20-50 % of the moisture-holding capacity of the soil, the disease being more severe at a higher temperature.

There was a positive correlation between severity of the disease and moisture content of the soil.

Original languageGerman
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Oort, A.J.P., Promotor
Award date13 Apr 1951
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publisher
Publication statusPublished - 1951
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • plant pathogenic fungi
  • fodder beet
  • pythium

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