Understanding transportation-caused rangeland damage in Mongolia

S.S. Keshkamat, N.E. Tsendbazar, M.H.P. Zuidgeest, S. Shiirev-Adiya, A. van der Veen, M.F.A.M. van Maarseveen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mongolia, a vast and sparsely populated semi-arid country, has very little formal road infrastructure. Since the 1990s, private ownership and usage of vehicles has been increasing, which has created a web of dirt track corridors due to the communal land tenure and unobstructed terrain, with some of these corridors reaching over 4 km in width. This practice aids wind- and water-aided erosion and desertification, causing enormous negative environmental effects. Little is being done to counter the phenomenon, mainly because the logic of the driving behaviour that causes this dirt road widening is not fully understood.

The research in this article postulates that this driving behaviour has rational foundations and is linked to various geographical factors (natural and man-made geographical features). We analysed 11,000 km of arterial routes in the country using spatial statistics and determined that geographically weighted regression (GWR) analysis offers a good explanation for whether, and by how much, the selected geographical factors affect the creation of corridor widths and how their effect varies across the landscape.

We determined that corridor widths are correlated to factors such as proximity to river crossings, traffic intensity, and vegetation abundance. Knowing these factors can help local planners and engineers design counter-measures that could help to control and reduce the widths of these corridors, until paved roads can replace the dirt track corridors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-444
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2013

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rangeland
Regression analysis
Environmental impact
Erosion
Rivers
Statistics
Engineers
damage
Water
road
land tenure
desertification
environmental effect
ownership
corridor
regression analysis
infrastructure
erosion
vegetation
river

Cite this

Keshkamat, S. S., Tsendbazar, N. E., Zuidgeest, M. H. P., Shiirev-Adiya, S., van der Veen, A., & van Maarseveen, M. F. A. M. (2013). Understanding transportation-caused rangeland damage in Mongolia. Journal of Environmental Management, 114, 433-444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.10.043
Keshkamat, S.S. ; Tsendbazar, N.E. ; Zuidgeest, M.H.P. ; Shiirev-Adiya, S. ; van der Veen, A. ; van Maarseveen, M.F.A.M. / Understanding transportation-caused rangeland damage in Mongolia. In: Journal of Environmental Management. 2013 ; Vol. 114. pp. 433-444.
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Keshkamat, SS, Tsendbazar, NE, Zuidgeest, MHP, Shiirev-Adiya, S, van der Veen, A & van Maarseveen, MFAM 2013, 'Understanding transportation-caused rangeland damage in Mongolia' Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 114, pp. 433-444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.10.043

Understanding transportation-caused rangeland damage in Mongolia. / Keshkamat, S.S.; Tsendbazar, N.E.; Zuidgeest, M.H.P.; Shiirev-Adiya, S.; van der Veen, A.; van Maarseveen, M.F.A.M.

In: Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 114, 15.01.2013, p. 433-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Tsendbazar, N.E.

AU - Zuidgeest, M.H.P.

AU - Shiirev-Adiya, S.

AU - van der Veen, A.

AU - van Maarseveen, M.F.A.M.

PY - 2013/1/15

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AB - Mongolia, a vast and sparsely populated semi-arid country, has very little formal road infrastructure. Since the 1990s, private ownership and usage of vehicles has been increasing, which has created a web of dirt track corridors due to the communal land tenure and unobstructed terrain, with some of these corridors reaching over 4 km in width. This practice aids wind- and water-aided erosion and desertification, causing enormous negative environmental effects. Little is being done to counter the phenomenon, mainly because the logic of the driving behaviour that causes this dirt road widening is not fully understood.The research in this article postulates that this driving behaviour has rational foundations and is linked to various geographical factors (natural and man-made geographical features). We analysed 11,000 km of arterial routes in the country using spatial statistics and determined that geographically weighted regression (GWR) analysis offers a good explanation for whether, and by how much, the selected geographical factors affect the creation of corridor widths and how their effect varies across the landscape.We determined that corridor widths are correlated to factors such as proximity to river crossings, traffic intensity, and vegetation abundance. Knowing these factors can help local planners and engineers design counter-measures that could help to control and reduce the widths of these corridors, until paved roads can replace the dirt track corridors.

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SN - 0301-4797

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Keshkamat SS, Tsendbazar NE, Zuidgeest MHP, Shiirev-Adiya S, van der Veen A, van Maarseveen MFAM. Understanding transportation-caused rangeland damage in Mongolia. Journal of Environmental Management. 2013 Jan 15;114:433-444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.10.043