The Generation Challenge Programme (GCP) is an international platform for agrarian knowledge production for a complex scientific problem, namely, Drought. The GCP ushered in a new form of knowledge production that reconciles both the upstream laboratorial research and its downstream delivery at the farmer's field. This paper aims at understanding the knowledge production process of the GCP. More precisely, it explores the following three research questions: how three processes such as research partnership, transdisciplinary and inclusion of end-user in research manifested within the knowledge production process of the GCP drought-tolerant rice research; what type of knowledge production emerged within the GCP drought-tolerant rice research; and what implications can be discerned for agricultural research and development. Through a qualitative case study method, this paper explores empirically the case of GCP drought-tolerant rice research in the Indian context to elucidate the knowledge production process of GCP to sketch a theoretical as well as a practical position on the agrarian knowledge production discourse. This paper argues that a hybrid knowledge production discourse has emerged within the GCP rice research that has elements from different knowledge production paradigms. Further, this paper also illustrates the implications of such hybrid knowledge production discourse for agricultural research and development.