Understanding the effect of storage temperature on the quality of semi-skimmed UHT hydrolyzed-lactose milk: an insight on release of free amino acids, formation of volatiles organic compounds and browning

Riccardo Bottiroli, Antonio Dario Troise, Eugenio Aprea*, Vincenzo Fogliano, Flavia Gasperi, Paola Vitaglione

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Proteolytic side activity of the lactase preparations (LPs) intended for ultra-high temperature hydrolyzed-lactose milk (UHLM) production induces changes in the product quality during shelf-life. The problem is particularly relevant when the enzyme is added aseptically in the packaging (“in pack” process), while the negative quality effects can be mitigated following the “in batch” process adding the LP before thermal sterilization. In this study, we monitored the quality over time of UHLM produced “in batch” and stored at 4, 20, 30 and 40 °C focusing on proteolysis, volatiles organic compounds (VOCs) formation and color changes. The goal was to identify the key reactions and compounds relevant for the product quality. An increase in storage temperature determined significant changes in the free amino acids profile increasing Strecker aldehydes and methyl ketones formation. At 30 and 40 °C, Maillard reaction and lipid oxidation ended up in a modification of the milk color, whereas at 4 and 20 °C no significant alteration was observed. Altogether, the results suggested a coordinate involvement of Maillard reaction, protein and lipid oxidation to milk browning and off-flavors formation in UHLM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110120
JournalFood Research International
Volume141
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Hydrolyzed-lactose milk
  • Maillard reaction
  • Shelf-life
  • Storage temperature

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