Understanding Positive Attitudes toward Helping Peers: The Role of Mastery Goals and Academic Self-Efficacy

P.M. Poortvliet, C. Darnon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research was designed to document the relationship between mastery and performance goals and attitudes toward helping others, and to test the mediating role of self-efficacy. Two experiments (Studies 1 and 2) showed that students with mastery goals hold stronger positive attitudes toward helping peers, relative to students with performance goals. Furthermore, a field study (Study 3) indicated that students’ mastery goals were positively related to holding positive attitudes toward helping fellow students, whereas performance goals were not. Studies 2 and 3 indicated that this could be explained by the intra-individual process of academic self-efficacy. Finally, it was shown that a negative relationship existed between performance goals and helping peers only for individuals with relatively weak mastery goals
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-363
JournalSelf and Identity
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • achievement goals
  • performance goals
  • organizational citizenship
  • information exchange
  • seeking behaviors
  • early adolescents
  • job-satisfaction
  • motivation
  • task
  • orientation

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