H-2 heterologous T cell hybridomas were used to study the genetic control of dual, anti-nominal antigen and anti-self H-2 specificity of H-2 restricted T cell factors. Each of four hybridoma clones produced two helper factors. One was restricted for the Ia type of the normal T cell partner (H-2b), whereas the other was restricted for the ia type of the lymphoma partner (H-2k) of the somatic hybrid. This was shown by affinity separation on parental type spleen cells and on monoclonal anti-I-A-Sepharose. Both factors had carrier (chicken gamma globulin; CGG)-specific helper effect, and both bound to anti-VH-315-Sepharose. Because the lymphoma (BW-5147) partner could not contribute a CGG- specific locus, the H-2k-restricted, CGG-specific factor had to be the product of segregating anti-nominal and anti-self loci. This suggests that dual specificity is due to two independent loci and support the validity of dual recognition concepts. Anti-self specificity was associated with homologous Ia alloantigens in the individual factors. Therefore, Ia and anti-self might be linked. Implications of the major histocompatibility complex or VH nature of anti-self receptors and the relationship of T cell factors and receptors was discussed.
Lonai, P., Savelkoul, H. F. J., Puri, J., & Hammerling, G. (1981). Two separate genes regulate self-Ia and carrier recognition in H-2-restricted helper factors secreted by hybridoma cells. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 154(6), 1910-1921. https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.154.6.1910