Two additive QTLs conferring broad-spectrum resistance in potato to Globodera pallida are localized on resistance gene clusters

J. Rouppe van der Voort, E. van der Vossen, E. Bakker, H. Overmars, P. van Zandvoort, R. Hutten, R. Klein Lankhorst, J. Bakker

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Abstract

Broad-spectrum resistance in potato to the potato cyst nematode (PCN) is commonly regarded as a complex inherited trait. Yet, in this paper we show that, by use of a selected set of PCN test populations, broad-spectrum resistance to the species Globodera pallida can be fully ascribed to the action of two loci: Gpa5 and Gpa6. These loci were readily mapped by means of a strategy based on two steps. Firstly, the chromosomal localization of both loci was assessed by use of an online catalogue of AFLP markers covering a substantial part of the potato genome (http://www.spg.wau.nl/pv/aflp/catalog.htm). Subsequently the chromosomal regions of both loci were identified by means of CAPS markers based on RFLP insert sequences. Locus Gpa5 explains at least 61% of the genetic variation. This locus maps to chromosome 5 on a region which has previously been shown to harbor resistance factors to viral (Nb, Rx2), fungal (R1) and nematodal (Gpa, Grp1) pathogens. The Gpa6 locus exhibits a minor effect on the resistance (24%) and acts additively to Gpa5. Interestingly, the Gpa6 locus maps to a region on chromosome 9 where, in the homoeologous tomato genome, the virus resistance gene Sw-5 resides as part of a resistance gene cluster. In potato, resistance to potato virus X has been reported in the vicinity of this region. The map location of Gpa6 indicates the presence of a resistance gene cluster at the end of the long arm of chromosome 9 of potato.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1122-1130
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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