Trisomy greatly enhances interstitial crossing over in a translocation heterozygote of Secale

J. Sybenga, H.M. Verhaar, D.G.A. Botje

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chromosomal rearrangements, including reciprocal translocations, may prevent recombinational transfer of genes from a donor genotype to a recipient, especially when the gene is located in an interstitial segment. The effect of trisomy of chromosome arm 1RS on recombination was studied in translocation heterozygote T248W of rye (Secale cereale), involving chromosome arms 1RS and 6RS. (Pro)metaphase I configuration frequencies were analyzed. Crossing over, estimated as chiasma parameters, in five genetically different euploid heterozygotes was compared with those of 10 different single arm trisomics. The addition of 1RS greatly altered the crossing over pattern around the translocation break point, with a special increase in the interstitial segment of 6RS and adjoining regions, normally hardly accessible to recombination. Furthermore, there was considerable variation between plants of closely related genotypes. Heterogeneity widens the distribution of crossing overs, including segments normally not accessible to recombination, but decreases average recombination in other segments. The extra chromosome and abnormal segregants are eliminated by using the trisomic as the pollen parent
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-25
JournalGenome
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • cereale l
  • rye
  • recombination
  • interference

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