Here we analyze the potential of black carbon (BC) and oil-inclusive models to explain in situ sorption of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (DDE), 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDD), organochlorine pesticides (OCP), polychlorobiphenyls (PCB), polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD), and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) to harbor sediments. Such models are important to understand bioavailability and mobility limitations of these chemicals in the aquatic environment. Separate BC- or oil-inclusive models have been described before. However, it is unclear whether oil could dominate in situ sorption in sediments that also contain BC, and whether the relative importance of phases would differ for different compounds. A BC- and oil-inclusive model was evaluated against chemical data and measured sediment characteristics. Parameter uncertainty was assessed using Monte Carlo simulations. Fitted model parameters were consistent with literature data and were satisfactory from a statistical as well as a chemical perspective. Sorption to oil was strong, proportional to octanol-water partitioning (Log Kow) and of similar magnitude for OCP, PCB, PCDD, and PCDF. For PAH a single oil sorption coefficient was found. Oil dominated sorption only for PCBs, at oil levels above 50-250 mg oil/kg sediment. BC dominated sorption of most other compounds, especially high molecular PAHs, PCDD, and PCDFs.
|Journal||Environmental Science and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
- black carbon
- accumulation factors
- land biotreatment