Tribology and Stability of Organic Monolayers on CrN: A Comparison among Silane, Phosphate, Alkene, and Alkyne Chemistries

S.P. Pujari, F. Li, R. Regeling, H. Zuilhof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


The fabrication of chemically and mechanically stable monolayers on the surfaces of various inorganic hard materials is crucial to the development of biomedical/electronic devices. In this Article, monolayers based on the reactivity of silane, phosphonate, 1-alkene, and 1-alkyne moieties were obtained on the hydroxyl-terminated chromium nitride surface. Their chemical stability and tribology were systematically investigated. The chemical stability of the modified CrN surfaces was tested in aqueous media at 60 °C at pH 3, 7, and 11 and monitored by static water contact angle measurements, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ellipsometry, and Fourier transform infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (FT-IRRAS). The tribological properties of the resulting organic monolayers with different end groups (fluorinated or nonfluorinated) were studied using atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was found that the fluorinated monolayers exhibit a dramatic reduction of adhesion and friction force as well as excellent wear resistance compared to those of nonfluorinated coatings and bare CrN substrates. The combination of remarkable chemical stability and superior tribological properties makes these fluorinated monolayers promising candidates for the development of robust high-performance devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10405-10415
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • self-assembled monolayers
  • indium-tin oxide
  • chain-length
  • nanotribological properties
  • silicon-carbide
  • high-pressure
  • phase state
  • surfaces
  • adhesion
  • titanium

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