Transmission of bovine herpesvirus 1 within and between herds on an island with a BHV1 control programme

J.J. Hage, Y.H. Schukken, H. Schols, M.A. Maris-Veldhuis, F.A.M. Rijsewijk, C.H.L. Klaassen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Transmission of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) within and between herds was studied on the island of Ameland, The Netherlands. There were 50 herds with 3300 head of cattle on the island. Herds were divided into three groups: (1) only containing seronegative cattle, (2) containing seronegative cattle and vaccinated seropositive cattle, and (3) containing only vaccinated cattle. All 23 herds in groups 1 and 2 were monitored. Three major outbreaks of BHV1 infections were observed due to the introduction of infectious cattle. Another major outbreak was most likely induced by reactivation of latent BHV1 in seropositive cattle. The basic reproduction ratio within these herds was estimated at least 4. Only one of these outbreaks led to three secondary outbreaks in susceptible herds in which all cattle were seronegative. These outbreaks were most likely due to respectively, direct animal contact, human transmission, and aerogenic transmission. The basic reproduction ratio between herds in this study was estimated to be 0(.)6.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)541-552
    JournalEpidemiology and Infection
    Volume130
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Keywords

    • rhinotracheitis virus
    • infectious-diseases
    • marker vaccine
    • risk-factors
    • dairy farms
    • calves
    • immunity
    • type-1
    • reactivation
    • immunization

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Transmission of bovine herpesvirus 1 within and between herds on an island with a BHV1 control programme'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this