Transient water flow in the TOXSWA model (FOCUS) versions): concepts and mathematical description

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


The TOXSWA model is used in the pesticide registration procedures in the Netherlands and the EU. This report documents the transient water flow module of TOXSWA, which simulates variable discharges and water depths in the edge-of-field ponds, ditches and streams of the EU FOCUS Surface Water Scenarios at an hourly resolution. It combines water conservation equations with water depth-discharge relations based upon weirs located downstream. In watercourses, backwater curves describe water depths as a function of distance to the weir. The water conservation equations consist of a base flow, excess water fluxes from drainage or runoff and an outflow. The conservation equations have been solved numerically using the finite difference method. A limited verification of the numerical solution has been undertaken. Example runs present model input and output
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWOT Natuur & Milieu
Number of pages78
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Publication series

PublisherWettelijke Onderzoekstaken Natuur & Milieu
ISSN (Print)1871-028X


  • pesticides
  • ditches
  • drainage
  • streams
  • lakes
  • discharge
  • toxicology
  • water quality
  • environmental protection
  • simulation models
  • european union
  • surface water quality
  • authorisation of pesticides


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