The TOXSWA model has been extended with the functionality to simulate photolysis in water. TOXSWA simulates the fate of substances in water bodies to calculate exposure concentrations for aquatic organisms or sediment-dwelling organisms as part of the risk assessment of plant protection products (PPP). Photolysis is modelled as a first-order process, where transformation occurs in the water phase only. The transformation rate is considered to be linearly proportional to global radiation. Studies in outdoor surface water systems can in principle be used to derive the PPP transformation rates due to photolysis.
|Place of Publication||Wageningen|
|Number of pages||47|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- water pollution
- biochemical pathways
- water bottoms
Beltman, W. H. J., Mulder, H. M., ter Horst, M. M. S., & Wipfler, E. L. (2015). Transformation by photolysis in water in the pesticide model TOXSWA : implementation report. (Alterra report; No. 2649). Wageningen: Alterra.