The “Omics” revolution has brought along the possibility to dissect complex physiological processes, such as exercise, at the gene (genomics), mRNA (transcriptomics), protein (proteomics), metabolite (metabolomics), and other levels with unprecedented detail. To date, a few studies in mammals, including humans, have approached this issue by investigating the effects of exercise on the transcriptome as well as on the proteome of skeletal muscle. In fish, however, despite the successful development and application of transcriptomic and proteomic approaches to study various physiological and pathological conditions over the last decade, no information is available on the application of transcriptomic or proteomic techniques to the study of the molecular effects of swimming-induced activity on skeletal muscle. Therefore, the aim of this chapter is to review recent data on the transcriptomic and proteomic response of white and red skeletal muscle to sustained swimming in the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), two economically important species.
|Title of host publication||Swimming Physiology of Fish|
|Editors||A.P. Palstra, J.V. Planas|
|Place of Publication||Heidelberg [etc.]|
|Number of pages||429|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|