Trade-offs between biodiversity and flood protection services of coastal salt marshes

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22 Citations (Scopus)


Coastal salt marshes provide a range of ecosystem services. However, their area is steadily diminishing as a result of human-made modifications to the coastal zone. The accelerated rise of sea level is another challenge to the self-generating capacity of coastal salt marshes. This is a subject of extensive research, leading to conservation and restoration strategies. The value of salt marshes as a natural sea defense is an area of growing interest as well. This article reviews salt-marsh restoration options described in the literature, including the idea of sediment nourishment on the scale of the estuary or lagoon as a whole. It then considers trade-offs between enhancement of salt marshes’ flood protection service and the ecological quality of the ecosystem
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-326
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • salt marshes
  • coastal areas
  • restoration management
  • ecosystem services
  • flood control
  • climate adaptation
  • biodiversity
  • nature management
  • sea-level rise
  • vegetation
  • ecosystems
  • wetlands
  • sedimentation
  • restoration
  • attenuation
  • management
  • dynamics
  • systems


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