Trade-offs and synergies between sustainable food production and other critical ecosystem services (ES) for women and men in the changing and dynamic Barotse Floodplain, Zambia

N. Estrada-Carmona, S. Attwood, R. Remans, J.C.J. Groot, G. Kennedy, V. Nowak, Trinidad del Rio Mena, F. Declerck

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Agriculture intensification and crop diversity decline is happening in many changing landscapes in Africa, including the Barotse floodplain in Zambia. Foodplains are highly productive and dynamic ecosystems, however, land use and landscape simplification is compromising and threatens the provision of critical ES for local communities, with particular impacts on the most vulnerable groups such as women.
We assessed 18 ES that are important for livelihoods in three communities in the floodplain to understand, with a gender perspective, the trade-offs and opportunities for synergies, in increasing sustainable food production while maintaining and protecting ES.
Our team conducted a landscape characterization and ES assessment. This was done by combining field work, participatory mapping activities and focal group discussions in three communities located in different sections of the Barotse floodplain.
We found that in the Barotse there are well differentiated agroecological units that match local knowledge in land classification and scientific knowledge on hydrogeological process. Each agroecological unit has different exposure levels to floods or droughts and therefore, each one provides different ES. Access to the different agroecological units varies depending on the time of the year, the location of the community, social status and gender, which in turn, determines households’ livelihoods and resilience.
In our research we identify opportunities for crop diversification, nutrition and livelihoods. We also highlight the importance to address gender differences in accessibility to resources to avoid increasing the gender gap. Finally, we assessed trade-offs between food production and ES provisioning at the farm and at the landscape scale.
Our work will help decision makers and stakeholders to 1) promote sustainable food production while guaranteeing the critical ES for local communities and agriculture and 2) to design and target interventions considering gendered access to ES.
Original languageEnglish
Pages160-161
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event8th ESP World Conference - Stellenbosch, South Africa
Duration: 9 Nov 201513 Nov 2015

Conference

Conference8th ESP World Conference
CountrySouth Africa
CityStellenbosch
Period9/11/1513/11/15

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food production
ecosystem service
floodplain
gender
agriculture
land classification
crop
social status
woman
ecosystem dynamics
traditional knowledge
accessibility
fieldwork
nutrition
stakeholder
drought
farm
land use
resource
livelihood

Cite this

Estrada-Carmona, N., Attwood, S., Remans, R., Groot, J. C. J., Kennedy, G., Nowak, V., ... Declerck, F. (2015). Trade-offs and synergies between sustainable food production and other critical ecosystem services (ES) for women and men in the changing and dynamic Barotse Floodplain, Zambia. 160-161. Abstract from 8th ESP World Conference, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
Estrada-Carmona, N. ; Attwood, S. ; Remans, R. ; Groot, J.C.J. ; Kennedy, G. ; Nowak, V. ; del Rio Mena, Trinidad ; Declerck, F. / Trade-offs and synergies between sustainable food production and other critical ecosystem services (ES) for women and men in the changing and dynamic Barotse Floodplain, Zambia. Abstract from 8th ESP World Conference, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
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abstract = "Agriculture intensification and crop diversity decline is happening in many changing landscapes in Africa, including the Barotse floodplain in Zambia. Foodplains are highly productive and dynamic ecosystems, however, land use and landscape simplification is compromising and threatens the provision of critical ES for local communities, with particular impacts on the most vulnerable groups such as women.We assessed 18 ES that are important for livelihoods in three communities in the floodplain to understand, with a gender perspective, the trade-offs and opportunities for synergies, in increasing sustainable food production while maintaining and protecting ES.Our team conducted a landscape characterization and ES assessment. This was done by combining field work, participatory mapping activities and focal group discussions in three communities located in different sections of the Barotse floodplain.We found that in the Barotse there are well differentiated agroecological units that match local knowledge in land classification and scientific knowledge on hydrogeological process. Each agroecological unit has different exposure levels to floods or droughts and therefore, each one provides different ES. Access to the different agroecological units varies depending on the time of the year, the location of the community, social status and gender, which in turn, determines households’ livelihoods and resilience.In our research we identify opportunities for crop diversification, nutrition and livelihoods. We also highlight the importance to address gender differences in accessibility to resources to avoid increasing the gender gap. Finally, we assessed trade-offs between food production and ES provisioning at the farm and at the landscape scale.Our work will help decision makers and stakeholders to 1) promote sustainable food production while guaranteeing the critical ES for local communities and agriculture and 2) to design and target interventions considering gendered access to ES.",
author = "N. Estrada-Carmona and S. Attwood and R. Remans and J.C.J. Groot and G. Kennedy and V. Nowak and {del Rio Mena}, Trinidad and F. Declerck",
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language = "English",
pages = "160--161",
note = "8th ESP World Conference ; Conference date: 09-11-2015 Through 13-11-2015",

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Estrada-Carmona, N, Attwood, S, Remans, R, Groot, JCJ, Kennedy, G, Nowak, V, del Rio Mena, T & Declerck, F 2015, 'Trade-offs and synergies between sustainable food production and other critical ecosystem services (ES) for women and men in the changing and dynamic Barotse Floodplain, Zambia' 8th ESP World Conference, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 9/11/15 - 13/11/15, pp. 160-161.

Trade-offs and synergies between sustainable food production and other critical ecosystem services (ES) for women and men in the changing and dynamic Barotse Floodplain, Zambia. / Estrada-Carmona, N.; Attwood, S.; Remans, R.; Groot, J.C.J.; Kennedy, G.; Nowak, V.; del Rio Mena, Trinidad; Declerck, F.

2015. 160-161 Abstract from 8th ESP World Conference, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Trade-offs and synergies between sustainable food production and other critical ecosystem services (ES) for women and men in the changing and dynamic Barotse Floodplain, Zambia

AU - Estrada-Carmona, N.

AU - Attwood, S.

AU - Remans, R.

AU - Groot, J.C.J.

AU - Kennedy, G.

AU - Nowak, V.

AU - del Rio Mena, Trinidad

AU - Declerck, F.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Agriculture intensification and crop diversity decline is happening in many changing landscapes in Africa, including the Barotse floodplain in Zambia. Foodplains are highly productive and dynamic ecosystems, however, land use and landscape simplification is compromising and threatens the provision of critical ES for local communities, with particular impacts on the most vulnerable groups such as women.We assessed 18 ES that are important for livelihoods in three communities in the floodplain to understand, with a gender perspective, the trade-offs and opportunities for synergies, in increasing sustainable food production while maintaining and protecting ES.Our team conducted a landscape characterization and ES assessment. This was done by combining field work, participatory mapping activities and focal group discussions in three communities located in different sections of the Barotse floodplain.We found that in the Barotse there are well differentiated agroecological units that match local knowledge in land classification and scientific knowledge on hydrogeological process. Each agroecological unit has different exposure levels to floods or droughts and therefore, each one provides different ES. Access to the different agroecological units varies depending on the time of the year, the location of the community, social status and gender, which in turn, determines households’ livelihoods and resilience.In our research we identify opportunities for crop diversification, nutrition and livelihoods. We also highlight the importance to address gender differences in accessibility to resources to avoid increasing the gender gap. Finally, we assessed trade-offs between food production and ES provisioning at the farm and at the landscape scale.Our work will help decision makers and stakeholders to 1) promote sustainable food production while guaranteeing the critical ES for local communities and agriculture and 2) to design and target interventions considering gendered access to ES.

AB - Agriculture intensification and crop diversity decline is happening in many changing landscapes in Africa, including the Barotse floodplain in Zambia. Foodplains are highly productive and dynamic ecosystems, however, land use and landscape simplification is compromising and threatens the provision of critical ES for local communities, with particular impacts on the most vulnerable groups such as women.We assessed 18 ES that are important for livelihoods in three communities in the floodplain to understand, with a gender perspective, the trade-offs and opportunities for synergies, in increasing sustainable food production while maintaining and protecting ES.Our team conducted a landscape characterization and ES assessment. This was done by combining field work, participatory mapping activities and focal group discussions in three communities located in different sections of the Barotse floodplain.We found that in the Barotse there are well differentiated agroecological units that match local knowledge in land classification and scientific knowledge on hydrogeological process. Each agroecological unit has different exposure levels to floods or droughts and therefore, each one provides different ES. Access to the different agroecological units varies depending on the time of the year, the location of the community, social status and gender, which in turn, determines households’ livelihoods and resilience.In our research we identify opportunities for crop diversification, nutrition and livelihoods. We also highlight the importance to address gender differences in accessibility to resources to avoid increasing the gender gap. Finally, we assessed trade-offs between food production and ES provisioning at the farm and at the landscape scale.Our work will help decision makers and stakeholders to 1) promote sustainable food production while guaranteeing the critical ES for local communities and agriculture and 2) to design and target interventions considering gendered access to ES.

M3 - Abstract

SP - 160

EP - 161

ER -

Estrada-Carmona N, Attwood S, Remans R, Groot JCJ, Kennedy G, Nowak V et al. Trade-offs and synergies between sustainable food production and other critical ecosystem services (ES) for women and men in the changing and dynamic Barotse Floodplain, Zambia. 2015. Abstract from 8th ESP World Conference, Stellenbosch, South Africa.